Sexual Ethics dilemmas

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  • Sexual Ethics
    • homosexuality
      • Natural Law; sex is for pro creation, can not reproduce therefore wrong.
        • RCC; act is a sin not the inclination; celibacy should be choice of action.
          • RCC; shouldn't discriminate but treat with sensitivity.
          • Leviticus 20:13; 'If a man lies with anther man, as one does a woman, Both of them has done what is detestable.'
          • Burton Leiser Homosexuality, morals and the laws of nature
            • taking RCC to logical conclusion the sex=reproduction then marriage between elderly or infertile must be wrong too?
          • Arcigay
            • Suggested RCC teachings may be a factor in violence and intolerance.
              • estimated 150 gay men murdered in Italy each year.
      • Situation ethics- 6 fundamental principles. Love is the only norm
        • Christians broke 10c in past for right thing, allow civil partnership as cause no harm
      • Utilitarian- most happiness for most people
        • Ignores needs of minorities so may not agree with homosexuality if most people are against it
        • prob support sexual relations in private.
          • where no one is offended and increase own happiness,
      • CofE does not recommend the physical expression
        • But respects those who 'are conscientiously convinced that they have more hope of growing in love for God..with the help of a loving and faithful homophile partnership'
          • (What the churches say 2nd edition)
            • Many high ranking clergy men have admitted to being gay
              • 2003 canon Jeffery John (open homosexual  but celibate) withdrew his position in the church.
                • Dr Philip Giddings 'We are not free to discard what is said in the Bible, however unpopular'
                • Dean of southwark 'The news will hurt thousands of Christian people who are not gay but believe strongly in God's love and redemption for all his children equally'
      • The Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement
        • 'Human sexuality in all its richness is a gift from God, gladly to be accepted, enjoyed and honoured'
      • The Body in Context: Sex and Catholicism.
        • Gareth Moore suggests the Bible requires christians to help and support those who are marginalised in society
          • 'God chose the weak things of this world to shame the strong' 1 corinthians 1:28
    • pre-marital sex
      • RCC; forbidden
        • 'But if they cannot control themselves, they should marry, for it is better to marry than to burn with passion' 1 corinthians
      • Augustine portrayed sex in a negative light remain celibate unless for reproduction
      • Evangelican christian organisations i.e silver ring thing, true love waits
        • campaign for celibacy amoungst teenagers, encouraging chastity pledges until marriage
      • utilitarian; consequentialist
        • giving condoms better than purity rings, will prevent teenage pregnancy and sti's.
      • 'God's perfect will.. is chastity before marriage and life long fidelity' 1998 Lambeth
      • Libertarianism
        • sexual relationships are morally permissible if both parties are of legal age and give consent. Sex under deception is wrong, free choices have to be made.
          • Adopt the harm principle.
    • Divorce
      • RCC; divorce not allowed.
        • ;What God has joined together, let man not separate  Matthew 19:6
        • Jesus seems to frobid divorce 'anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery' Mark 10
          • Anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness and marries another woman commits adultery'
      • Secular ethicists; many reasons for marital bond to be broken
        • unreasonable to refuse to allow a person to from obtaining a divorce if suffering e.g extreme physical abuse.
      • Situation Ethics.
        • 4 working principles- relativism, if love is the most loving thing to do then it should be allowed
          • Robinson  thought inappropriate to say divorce is inheritaly wrong
            • ''If the  emotional and spiritual welfare of both parents and children in a particular family can be served best by divorce.. then love requires it'' J. fletcher.
    • Pornography
      • Religious believers, in general, opposed to the production and use of porn.
        • violates the status of humans as made in the image of God
          • humans should not subject others to any acts that degrade their special status in the eyes of God.
      • Laid bare: a path through the pornography maze- Claire Wilson- Thomas Nigel Williams talk frequently of a link between porn and violence.
      • Utilitarian
        • Hedonic calculus
          • argue against if causes too much harm to too many views but if just causes pleasure to viewers than is good
      • Situation ethics
        • Love is the only norm
          • does not produce love, causes harm to those participating and effects viewers negativity  can cause violence
      • Catharine MacKinnon
        • 'define pornography as the graphic sexually explicit sub-ordinance of women through pictures and words.. presented dehumanised as sexual objects'
    • Contraception
      • Burton Leiser Homosexuality, Morals and the Laws of Nature
        • Sexual organs not only for reproduction but also pleasure. Church is wrong to condemn those who have sex for pleasure
      • Situation Ethics;  acting out of agape
        • may be right if prevents unwanted pregnancy and children.
        • prevents spread of disease.
      • RCC;  Anything that breaks the direct relationship between sex & procreation is wrong
        • Against natural Law
      • CofE; 168 accepts morality of contraception
        • As long as it is not used to encourage or permit promiscuous behaviour
      • Utilitarian
        • approve of its good consequences
          • lower population and disease. Greater personal pleasure
      • Protestant (Anglican/ Methodist)
        • contraception within marriage, responsible way of planning a family
          • Allow sex without fear of unwanted pregnancy
    • Prostitution
      • RCC; condemn it.
        • 'Neither the sexually immoral.. nor adulterers.. will inherit the kingdom of God' 1 Corinthians 6
      • Utilitarian
        • 'Laws requiring the wearing of seatbelts save many lives. Laws prohibiting prostitution do no evident good at all, and may do harm' Singer
          • Look after more if legal.
      • Situation Ethics
        • Pragmatisim
          • most loving thing= legalise. being illegal brings about more pain and problems.

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