Sexual Selection and Human Reproductive Behaviour - Evaluation of Theory

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  • Sexual Selection and Human Reproductive Behaviour
    • Research Support: Preferences Related to Anisogamy
      • David Buss - 1989
      • Survey of 10,000 adults in 33 countries.
        • Questions related to: age and attributes - which should be important in partner preferences.
      • FINDINGS
    • Research Support: Inter-Sexual Selection
      • Russell Clark and Elaine Hatfield (1989)
        • Female choosiness is a reality of heterosexual relationships.
      • Psychology students approached other students and asked: "I have been noticing you around campus. I find you to be very attractive. Would you go to bed with me tonight?"
        • Not a single female student agreed to the request.
        • 75% of male students agreed to the request immediately.
      • FINDINGS
        • SUPPORTS evolutionary theory, suggests females are choosier when it comes to sexual partners.
          • As well as males having evolved different strategies to ensure reproductive success.
    • Ignores Social and Cultural Influences
      • Over the last century, partner preferences have been influenced by changing social norms
      • Women's role in the work place = no longer dependent on men to provide
      • Bereczkei (1997)
        • Argued: social change = consequences for women's mate preferences - no longer be resource-oriented.
      • Chang (2011)
        • Compared preferences in China over 25 years. Found some had changed, but others remained the same - corresponding with the huge social changes in that time.
      • FINDINGS
        • LIMITATION TO THEORY: mate preferences are outcome of a combination of evolutionary and cultural influences.
          • Theories which fail to account for both are limited in explanation.
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