Sentencing

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  • Sentencing
    • Aims of sentencing
      • Criminal Justice Act 2003
        • All but denunciation
      • Retribution
      • Denunciation
      • Deterrence
        • General
          • Prevent others from offending
        • Individual
          • Stop offender from reoffending
      • Incapacitation
        • Protect the public from offender
      • Rehabilitation
        • Teach offender to use time more productively
          • Work experience
          • Education
          • Addiction treatment
      • Reparation
        • Repair what was put wrong
    • Types of punishment
      • Custodial
        • Fixed Term Sentence
          • Sentenced to fixzed time in prison
          • Offender serves half the time then can be released on license
        • Discretionary Life Sentence
          • Lenient sentence for serious crime
            • e.g. offender spends weekends in prison
        • Mandatory Life Sentence
          • Most serious
          • Starting point is 30, can go up or down by 15 years
        • Extended Sentence
          • Serious violent offenders
          • No early release
          • Heavily monitored on release
        • Minimum Sentence
          • Minimum period before eligible for parole in indeterminate sentence
        • Suspended Sentence
          • Sentenced to time in prison; don't have to serve unless they re-offend
        • Home Detention Curfew
          • Offender electronically tagged
          • Up to 6 months
          • Ordered to remain at fixed address for up to 12 hours in a 24 hour period
        • Indeterminate Sentence
          • Time in prison dependent on the inmate's conduct
      • Fine
      • Community
      • Discharge
        • Conditional Discharge
          • Used by Mags for first time offenders
          • More serious consequences if they re-offend
        • Absolute discharge
          • No penalty, guilty but morally blameless

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