Sense experience

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  • Sense Experience
    • No one believes that everything comes from sense experience. Empiricists believe that all ideas come from sense experience, but accept some knowledge is a priori.
    • Plato
      • Not everything comes from sense experience, for example we have an innate knowledge of Math, however it does need sense experience to draw it out and it is not necessarily perfect and complete at birth.
    • Locke
      • We have intuitive and demonstrative knowledge. Demonstrative knowledge is based on proof, like Mathematic, and not sense experience. This is a priori, not innate!!!!
      • However, we do not have innate knowledge as that would have to be made up of innate ideas which isn't possible as there is no one thing everyone, including 'children and idiots' know.
    • Hume
      • We can't just see physical objects exist, we need extra justification to believe they exist externally.
      • Knowledge is based on 'relations of ideas' which is sometimes a priori.
      • Hume says that anything that is not analytic or synthetic should be 'consigned to the flames'.
    • Descartes
      • We do have some innate knowledge, like our innate knowledge of God. Trademark and Ontological argument prove this.
    • Empiricists say that there is no knowledge of what exists or of what the world is really like that is not based on sense experience.
      • We can know a priori knowledge, such as Maths etc. also known as analytic truths.
      • We cannot know any synthetic statement is true without relying on sense experience.


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