Schizophrenia biological and psychological treatments

Brief summary of bio and psychological treatments for schizophrenia

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  • Schizophrenia treatments
    • Biological
      • Conventional Anti-psychotic drugs
        • Reduces +ive symptoms
          • Side effects: severe muscle tremors, rigid facial expressions & involuntary facial movements
      • Atyptical Anti-psychotic drugs
        • Reduces +ive & -ive symptoms
          • Side effects: weight gain, nausea & low levels of WBC
            • COLE ET AL
              • Side effects: severe muscle tremors, rigid facial expressions & involuntary facial movements
              • Group 1: had A-PD
              • Group 2: had placebo
      • No long-term Hospitalisation
      • Doesn't treat root cause - RR
  • Reduces +ive symptoms
    • Reduces +ive & -ive symptoms
      • Side effects: weight gain, nausea & low levels of WBC
        • COLE ET AL
          • Group 1: had A-PD
          • Group 2: had placebo
    • 75%
      • Suggests A-PD are effective for treating S
    • 25%
      • Suggests A-PD are effective for treating S
    • Reported decrease:
    • No long-term Hospitalisation
    • Drugs can be monitored and regulated - lower RR
    • Hospitalisation means patients are protected from themselves & society
    • Reduces symptoms so psychological treatments can take place
    • Lose contact with the outside world - no social skills
    • Doesn't treat root cause - RR
    • Hospitalisation is an artificial environment & so patients may struggle in the real world
    • Psychological
      • Schizophrenia treatments
        • Biological
          • Conventional Anti-psychotic drugs
            • Atyptical Anti-psychotic drugs
          • Family Therapy
            • Aims to get families to be less critical and have more positive communication
              • Study found in 2nd year, FT and social skills had decreased
          • Community Care
        • Coping Strategy Enhancement (CSE)
          • Psychological
            • Family Therapy
              • Aims to get families to be less critical and have more positive communication
                • Study found in 2nd year, FT and social skills had decreased
            • Community Care
          • Tarrier found that 75% of S use coping strategies
            • Aims to teach individuals to develop & apply effective coping strategies which reduce frequency, intensity &duration of symptoms.
              • Symptoms Targeting: Specific symptom is targeted &strategy is practised in session, client is helped with any problems.
                • Education&  Rapport: therapist &client work together to improve effectivenessof strategies& develop new ones
                  • Tarrier found that 75% of S use coping strategies
                    • Aims to teach individuals to develop & apply effective coping strategies which reduce frequency, intensity &duration of symptoms.
                      • Symptoms Targeting: Specific symptom is targeted &strategy is practised in session, client is helped with any problems.
                        • Education&  Rapport: therapist &client work together to improve effectivenessof strategies& develop new ones
          • High RR when families discontinued FT
            • Long term treatment
              • Offers sheltered and supported living arrangements where patients are involved in productive activites
                • Cost effective
                  • CC more effective as patients gain social skills
                    • Offers sheltered and supported living arrangements where patients are involved in productive activites
                  • CC more effective as patients gain social skills
                    • Relapse when CC programme stops
                      • Home care can be stressful for family members
                      • Home care can be stressful for family members

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