Effects of institutionalisation: Romanian orphan studes - Rutter and Songua-Barke (2010)

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  • Created by: usharif
  • Created on: 28-03-18 14:55
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  • Rutter and Songua-Barke (2010)
    • Aim
      • To test the effects of institutionalisation on physical, cognitive and social development
    • Procedure
      • 165 Romanian children - Romanian institutions
        • 111 adopted before the age of 2 years
        • 54 adopted before the age of 4
        • longitudinal study
          • Assessing at the age of 4, 6, 11 and 15
          • Assessing on their physical , cognitive and social development
      • Compared to a control group of 52 British children
        • adopted in the Uk before the age of 6 months
    • Findings
      • 1. At the time adoption the Romanian orphans lagged behind the British adoptees
        • Examples:   weighed less, - smaller
      • 2. Those adopted before 6 months had caught up with the British adoptees by the age 4 - normal attachments and developments
      • Those adopted after 6 months continued to experience deficits
        • Examples:       - Poor peer relationships  - Disinhibited attachments
    • Conclusion
      • Long-term consequences can be less severe once if children have the opportunity to form attachments
        • Before the age of 6 months
      • If children do not form attachment then consequences are likely to be severe
      • Negative effects of institutionalisation but can be reversed if adopted at an early age

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