Rural VS Urban in Tess, Blake and As You Like It

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  • Rural VS Urban
    • As You Like It
      • Rural=good, Urban=bad
        • "many young gentleman flock to him everyday"
        • "truly shepherd...it is a good life"
          • this is said by touchstone, who makes it very clear he is not a fan of the forest, so it is clear that his opnion has been changed
        • "painted pomp"
        • "are not these woods more free from peril than the envious court?"
        • "here live and die a shepherd"
        • "fleet the time carelessly as the did in the golden world"
        • "this life more sweet"
        • "they live like the old robin hood of England"
        • "here shall he see/ no enemy/but winter and rough weather"
      • Rural=bad, Urban=good
        • "churlish chiding of the winter's wind"
        • "desert city"
        • "abandoned cave"
        • "green and gilded snake"
        • "when I was at home I was in a better place"
        • "Ay, now am I in Arden the more fool I"
        • "lioness had torn some flesh away"
      • the rural world is a place of refuge, and therefore is better than the rural
        • "tongues in trees, books in the running brooks, sermons in stones and good in everything"
        • "here shall he see/no enemy/but winters and rough weather"
        • "there's no clock in the forest"
        • "let the forest judge"
        • "are not these woods more free from peril than the envious court"
    • Songs of Innocence and Experience
      • The rural is the home of innocence, is positive
        • SOI
          • "go and play till the light fades away"
          • "here i am, come and lick my white neck"
          • "my mother taught me underneath a tree"
          • "laughing is heard on the hill"
        • SOE
          • "leopards, tygers play round her as she lay"
            • humans and animals at peace and in tune in the rural
          • "How can the bird that is born for joy, sit in a cage and sing"
            • the urban is the cage, should be free to live out childhood in the rural
      • in the urban, there are "mind forged manacles", which could be interpreted as industrialization. they are forged by man and not God, so man has brought this on themselves
      • the urban is encroaching on the rural
        • "tomb-stones where flowers should be" -SOE
        • "the humble sheep, a threatening horn" -SOE
        • "farewell green field"-SOI
        • "sport no more seen, on the darkening green"-SOI
    • Tess of the d'Urbervilles
      • Tess is  connected to the rural, it accepts her when urban society does not
        • "she was...physically and mentally suited among these new surroundings"
        • "walking among the sleeping birds"
          • the animals are so comfortable with Tess and accepting of her that they don't even wake up in her presence
        • "no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly"
        • "she felt akin to the landscape"
        • "women whose cheif companions are the forms and forces of nature retain in their souls far more of the pagan fantasy"
        • "a field-man is a personality afield; a field-woman is a portion of the field"
      • Through industrialization, the urban is intruding on the rural
        • "ideal and real clashed slightly as the sun lit up their figures"
          • what is the ideal and real? the rural or the urban?
        • "joyless monotony"
        • "the serpent hisses where the sweet birds sing"
          • the 'serpent' could be interpreted to be industrialization
        • "their movements [showing] a mechanic regularity"
        • "in the agricultural world, but not of it"
          • the man who rents the threshing machine out to farmers is from the urban world, and therefore is an outsider
        • "a blighted one (world)"
        • "the ache of modernism"
          • modernism, in other words industrialization, is negative, 'ache' suggests a disease or affliction
      • the urban and rural as separate, contrasting entities
        • "so passed away Sorrow the Undesired...that bastard gift of shameless nature who respects not the civil law"
        • "in the agricultural world, but not of it"
        • "the serpent hisses where the sweet birds sing"
          • the serpent (urban) and the birds (rural)
        • "no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly"
        • "outside humanity, she had at present no fear"

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