Research

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  • Research Methods
    • Research
      • Study used to collect data using various methods
    • Quantitative
      • Research
        • Methods that generate data in form of statistics
      • Data
        • Data in numbers or statistics
    • Qualititative
      • Data
        • Data in opinions and words
      • Research
        • Methods that generate data in form of words
    • Primary Data
      • First-hand information collected by researcher.
        • Questionnaires, interviews, participant observation
    • Secondary Data
      • Data previously collected by others
        • Diaries, official statistics
    • Experiment
      • Scenarios used to conclude explanations for behaviour changes using stimulus.
    • Pilot Study
      • Trial run before a research to find faults.
    • Methods for representativ-e sample
      • Random Sample
        • Group chosen by chance
      • Quota Sample
        • Researcher looks for certain number of a group
      • Systematic Sample
        • Uses a system. E.g. tenth name on a list
      • Snowball Sample
        • Connection with a person leads to study of others
    • Sample
      • Respondents questioned during social research
      • Sample Frame
        • Population selected for research
    • Questions
      • Closed
        • Respondents are given limited answers e.g. questionnaires
      • Open
        • Allows respondents to give any answer e.g unstructured inetrview
    • Research Methods
      • Questionnaire
        • Disadvantage
          • Low response rate
          • Invalid if respondents lie
          • Unrepresentative
            • People may not complete
        • Advantages
          • Flexible
            • Can be done online or by post
          • Repeatablity
          • Qiuck and cheap
      • Structured Interview
        • Advantage
          • Repeatablity
          • Open and closed questions
        • Disadvantage
          • Interview bias
          • Lies to shock interviewer
      • Unstructured interview
        • Advantages
          • Developed answers
          • High response rate
        • Disadvantage
          • Interview bias
          • Time consuming
    • Untitled
    • Observation
      • Overt
        • Researcher openly observes group
          • Hawthorn Effect
            • Behaviour changes as people know they are being watched
      • Covert
        • Researcher secretly observes group
    • Triangulation
      • Untitled

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