Research Methods- Sociology

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  • Research Methods
    • Types of research
      • Primary
        • carried out by researcher themselves
        • Examples:
          • participant observation
          • non-participant observation
          • lab experiments
          • informal interviews
          • Surveys
      • Secondary
        • used by researcher but has already been carried out
        • Advantages:
          • easily accessible
          • Cheap
        • Disadvantage
          • Could be biased
          • Info may be unrepresentative
        • Examples
          • official statisics
          • Expressive documents
    • Types of data
      • Quantitative data
        • Untitled
      • Qualitative data
        • rich in depth info about people's lives
    • Approaches
      • Positivists
        • society makes people
        • see sociology as a science
        • seek to uncover patterns of behaviour
        • prefer quantitative data
      • Interpretivists
        • people make society
        • reject view of sociology as a science
        • seek to understand people's meanings
        • prefer qualitative data
      • Triangulation
        • the use of two or more research methods of sources of data the compliment each other
    • Issues
      • Practical
        • time and money
        • personal skills and characteristic
        • subject matter
        • access
      • Ethical
        • Informed consent
        • right to withdraw
        • confidentiality
        • psychological harm
        • deception
      • Theoretical
        • validity
        • reliability
        • representativeness
        • observer effect
    • Types of Surveys
      • Postal questionaire
        • Strengths
          • cheap
          • personal
        • Weaknesses
          • don't know who's completing it
          • unrepresentative
      • Self-completion questionnaire
        • Strengths
          • time to answer properly
          • no bias influence
        • Weaknesses
          • respondent may not respond
          • can't ask for help if stuck
      • structured interview
        • Strengths
          • can explain any questions
          • make sure all questions answered
        • Weaknesses
          • may feel intimidated
          • interviewer bias
      • Unstructured interview
        • Strengths
          • flexible
          • can build rapport
        • Weaknesses
          • time consuming
          • cost
      • Focus group
        • Strengths
          • comfortable with others
          • can expand on others ideas
        • Weaknesses
          • others may dominate
          • peer pressure
      • Group interview
        • Strengths
          • high validity
          • quick
        • weaknesses
          • lack of anonymity
          • peer pressure
      • Longitudinal study
        • Strengths
          • can build rapport
          • more background info
        • Weaknesses
          • people can withdraw
          • time
      • Observation
        • non-particiapant
          • strength
            • can study people in natural setting
          • weakness
            • researcher may not understand
        • participant
          • covert- under cover
          • overt- open to ppts

Comments

mmeganedwardss

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Some parts are incomplete or difficult to read but otherwise a brilliant resource

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