Renaissance Surgery

  • Created by: Saandy_
  • Created on: 03-10-19 19:00
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  • Renaissance: Surgery
    • Vesalius
      • Wrote book supporting ideas of Galen. 6 years later wrote book challenging him.
      • Carried out own dissections- wanted to carry out own research for best places for bloodletting- to prove Galen was right.
        • Suggested he was wrong as he only did dissections on animals.
      • Promoted dissections in lectures as a way to discover more about body and teach students.
      • Wrote 'Fabric of Human Body'-1543.
        • Different to others
          • Organised differently and explained how systems worked. Illustrations- very precise.
      • Heavily criticised for daring to say Galen was wrong.
      • Work caught on due to Thomas Geminus copying all of his illustrations into his book.
    • Pare
      • Bloodloss
        • Promoted use of tying ligatures around individual blood vessels- less cruel compared to cauterisation
      • Infection
        • Used cream of rose oil, egg white and turpentine to reduce infection in less painful way compared to burning oil.
          • Cream was naturally antiseptic
      • Pain
        • Stopped using burning oil to treat gunshot wounds
    • Harvey
      • Experimented by pumping blood wrong way through vessels- meaning it can only circulate one way.
        • Enabled further discoveries like blood transfusions and heart transplants.
      • Better focus on blood loss and less bloodletting.
      • More accepted when taught in Uni of Paris.
    • Galen's Theory of Blood
      • Galen believed new blood is constantly made in liver and used up as a fuel- burnt in body.
        • He said blood passed from one side to the other through invisible holes.
          • Columbo discovered blood moved along veins and arteries. Fabricius proved there are valves in veins.
    • Hunter
      • Untitled


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