Overview of Religious Experience

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Religious Experience
    • Visions
      • Group Visions
        • Visions that are seen by more than one person - British Army at Mons
      • Individual Visions
        • Visions seen by only one person - Bernadette at Lourdes
      • Corporeal Visions
        • The object is external but only visible to certain people
      • Imaginative Visions
        • The image is produced in the person's imagination
      • A vision can be defined as something seen other than by ordinary sight, i.e. supernatural
    • Conversion
      • Conversion from no religion to a faith
        • e.g. Augustine
      • Conversion from one faith to another
        • e.g. Sundar Singh who was raised a devout Sikh, and consencrated from his youth to become a Hindu sadhu
      • Conversion from faith (believing) to faith (trusting)
        • The reformer Martin Luther, who was a monk and a priest
      • A conversion can be defined as 'a process of religious change which transforms the way the individual perceives the rest of society
      • Results of Conversion
        • The loss of worry
          • The sense of perceiving truths not known before
          • A sense of clean and beautiful newness within and without
          • The ecstasy of happiness is produced
    • Mysticism
      • Mysticism is usually understood in a religious context, similar experiences may happen to anyone
      • Experiences can occur without preparation and at any time and might not be understood as religious experiences at all
        • It's often seen as a spiritual journey in which the ultimate goal is achieved: union with God. It's an experience of oneness with the divine.
      • Hans King, Rudolf Otto and Wayne Teasdale
      • William James' features of Mystical Experiences
        • Passive - It happens without acknowledgement
        • Ineffable - Can't describe it in words or ordinary language
        • Noetic - new knowledge
        • Transient - fleeting
    • Challenges to Religious Experiences
      • Michael Persinger
        • He is a cognitive neuroscience researcher who agrees that the temporal lobes have a significant role in religious experience
          • He says that religious experiences are no more than the brain responding to external stimuli
            • Persinger has developed a helmet which produces weak magnetic across the hemispheres of the brain, specifically the temporal lobe
              • Over 900 people who have taken part in the experience claim to have had some form of religious experience
                • It is thought that this happens because when under the influence of the helmet, the brain is deprived of the self-stimulation and sensory input that is required for it to define itself as being distinct from the rest of the world


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Philosophy resources »