Religion & Class

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  • Created by: Nerual197
  • Created on: 25-03-14 15:01
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  • Religion & Class
    • Functionalists
      • All classes are attracted to religion as it integrates them into society
        • Malinowski
          • People are attracted to Religion in times of need - when fishing in the sea rather than the lake
            • Those in less secure positions are more likely to  be religious because they need the compensators, being poor and in need. These are more likely to be the working classes
              • Religion is needed as it blinds them to oppression or offers salvation from dark times
                • Religion is the opiate of the people, blinding them to their oppression and legitimizing ruling classes.
    • Marxists
      • Marx
        • Religion is the opiate of the people, blinding them to their oppression and legitimizing ruling classes.
      • Gramsci
        • Religion can be used as a tool to support r/c hegemony but can also be a revolutionary force
        • Maduro
          • Religion can be a revolutionary  force - catholic priests standing up to the royals in favour of the working class.
            • Religion can be used as a tool to support r/c hegemony but can also be a revolutionary force
        • Existential Security Theory
          • Norris & Inglehart
            • Those in less secure positions are more likely to  be religious because they need the compensators, being poor and in need. These are more likely to be the working classes
              • Religion is needed as it blinds them to oppression or offers salvation from dark times
          • Stark & Bainbridge
            • Religion offers Compensators in another life - heaven etc., which attract the disadvantaged.
            • Churches
              • Churches attract the upper classes due to close links with monarchy and state.
              • Fewer working class people now attend as it is no longer their wish to be respected as the upper classes are
              • Brierley - the working classes feel alienated from churches as they are middle class institutions.
            • Sects
              • Cults are for the lower classes as benefits are given.
              • They are however, also for the middle classes as they are more able to part with worldly goods.
              • Barker - The middle classes were attracted to the Moonies as they offered them a sense of belonging and community.
              • Wallis - the most disadvantaged are attracted to sedcts/relatively deprived.
            • Cults
              • Cults are mostly for university educated middle class, middle-aged, or those in the caring professions.
              • Bruce - 2 Types of Cults - THE NEW AGE
                • AUDIENCE CULTS
                • CLIENT CULTS
            • WORLD AFFIRMING NRMS
              • Middle Class/Middle Aged
            • Denominations
              • Respectable but anti-establishment
              • Middle classes or the upper working classes are the most attracted to denominations.
              • Too anti-establishmentfor the higher classes
            • WORLD REJECTING NRMS
              • Attract the deprived, relatively deprived and marginalized.
            • WORLD ACCOMMODATING NRMS
              • Attract anybody concerned by a lack of morality in society.
          • Religion can be a revolutionary  force - catholic priests standing up to the royals in favour of the working class.

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