release - afro celt sound system

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  • RELEASE
    • background information
      • fusion of African music, Celtic folk music and electronic dance music
      • released in 1999
      • features the singer Sinead O'Connor
    • structure
      • verse form (no choruses)
      • based on loops
      • intro, verse 1, verse 2, solos, verse 3, build, outro
    • instruments
      • african
        • kora
        • talking drum
        • djembe
      • celtic
        • hurdy-gurdy
        • uilleann pipes
        • bodhran
        • fiddle
        • whistle
        • accordion
      • EDM
        • synthesisers
          • string pad
          • soft pad
          • bells
          • bass
          • breath samples
        • drum machine
        • electric piano
        • male and female vocals
      • made from looping ideas
      • playing techniques: glissando, ornaments, double stopping, open and closed hi-hat
      • synthesizer drone used
      • reverb on vocals throughout
    • melody
      • female and male singer
      • vocal melody is repetitive
      • melody lines are all short phrases
      • solos taken by uilleann pipes, whistle and hurdy gurdy
      • vocals use glissando, acciaccatura
      • fiddle melody uses double stopping
      • female vocal range is only a 6th, male is a 13th
    • harmony
      • there is a drone on C
      • mostly diatonic with some chromatic chords
      • some extended chords such as 7ths and 9ths
      • slow harmonic rhythm - feels like it stays on the same note for a lot of the piece (common to dance music)
    • tonality
      • in C minor
      • based on modes aeolian and dorian
    • rhythm and metre
      • 4/4
      • lots of repeating ostinatos and riffs
      • syncopation used throughout
      • repeating rhythms are mostly 2 and 4 bar loops
      • triplets and sextuplets used
      • accented notes
      • semiquavers slightly swung
    • texture
      • mainly homophonic
      • lots of layers of loops
        • drop in and out regularly so texture constantly changes
        • builds by adding one loop at a time
        • overlapping give it a polyphonic feel
      • very start is monophonic
      • outro is heterophonic
        • solo instruments playing the same thing - slight variations
    • tempo
      • start is in free time
      • entry of the bodhran sets a steady tempo
      • 100bpm

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