• Created by: Rhyannan
  • Created on: 21-01-13 18:40
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  • Relativism
    • Relativists believe that there are no objective moral truths,
      • There are no absolute truths which are common to all humans
    • Cultural Relitavism
      • Morality is constructed within social groups e.g a faith community
      • Principle that the morality of one society is not better than another only different.
      • The  diversity Thesis; Ethical rules differ from society to society- different moral laws
        • Morality stems from communal feelings of ownership
      • The Dependency thesis; Sumner argued that the morality of a society is dependent on aspirations, beliefs, environment
        • Each person has  their own beliefs depending on circumstances, but over time morality develops as a common denominator ( morality hold the society together)
      • Conventionalism argues that moral laws emerge on an ad hoc basis based on reactions to partcular circumstances
      • Pyramid Relativism  starts from the principle that all societies and individuals develop fundamental principles that govern morality- these could be universal or specific to a particular society
    • Subjective Relativism
      • It is a matter of personal choice
      • Criticising an individuals moral judgement is, in the form of relativism, over the matter of hypocrisy
      • Rorty is one of the chiefs of this form of relativism
        • Maintains the need fir a relativist framework for a society in order to maximise the freedoms of an individual
        • People can still have different beliefs and live in harmony as long as they respect and tolerate eachother
        • He thinks that is possible to have micro-societies eg moral attitudes with friends and parents


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