Relationships- formation, maintenance and breakdown

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  • Created by: Livi
  • Created on: 11-01-13 14:45
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  • Relationships
    • Formation
      • Similarity theory- Bryne, Clore and Smeaton-said women sort in two stages: 1) sort for dissimilarity and 2) sort of similar attitudes and personality
        • Rosenbaum (1986)- Dissimilarity repulsion hypothesis- opposites attract
        • Speakmanet al (2007)- people choose similar body fat to themselves in their partner
      • Reward/need satisfaction theory- looked at classical (associating with a positive event) and operant conditioning (rewarding, attractive, humour)
        • Veitch & Griffitt (1976)- Stranger in a waiting room- played the news on the radio- asked to rate a person
        • Cunningham (1988)- Happy and sad film then asked to interact with a female
    • Maintenance
      • Social exchange theory- rewards- cost= profit/loss. C.L (previous ideal), CL (for alternatives)
        • Rusbult (1983)- looked at CL/ satisfaction in the honeymoon phase, committed relationships- high satisfaction and investment and low CL for alternatives
      • Equity- looks at the ratio of inputs and outputs, fairness not quality, greater the inequity= greater dissatisfaction
        • Hatfield et al (1972)- 500 students interviewed- 3 months later inequitable relationships like to end
    • Breakdown
      • Reasons for breakdown- Duck (1999) three reasons, lack of skills (social skills), lack of stimulation (boredom), maintanence difficulties (distace relationships)
        • Tashiro and Frazier (2003) real life survey of break ups
      • Model of relationship breakdown- Rollie and Duck, (2006), Breakdown- intra psychic process- dyadic process- social process- grave dressing process- resurrection process
        • Boekhout et al (1999) affairs direct link to lack of stimulation, men= sex woman= emotional





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