• Created by: rebecca
  • Created on: 24-04-13 09:05
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    • Redress of grievance- Where citizens can get wrongs put right in the UK
    • Members of parliament
      • A citizen could seek the help of an MP to put pressure on the party that is dont wrong
        • Private Member's Bill
          • Unlikely
      • Parliament passes laws
        • 1994 Criminal Justice Bill restricted the right of people to protest and affect the right to silence if charged
    • The courts
      • Judges are limited in what they can do
      • Cost of going to court is very expensive for most people
      • Process of law can be very slow
    • Tribunals
      • Work in areas's such as industry, health and employment and meant to be quicker and cheaper
      • More informal
      • Legally qualified chairperson who is usually heped by two others
      • No appeal fromthese tribunals in come cases
    • Ombudsen
      • The parliamentary Commissioner for Administration was set up in 1967 to receive and investigate complaints about the working of Parliament
      • Since then other ombusmen have been set up to cover areas such as local authorities broadcasting and insurance
      • Must go through a MP to talk to a ombudsen
        • Only accept a small proportion of grievances
      • An official appointed to investigate individuals' complaints against maladministration
    • Judical Review
      • Practice as been increasing in recent years
      • No power to strike down a law
      • July 2000 David Blunkett, Secretary of State for Education and EMployment was said tohave acted illegally in introducing peformance related-pay for teachers without properly consulting other bodies including parliament
    • European Court of Human Rights
      • It the legal system in the UK fails to produce a satisfactory result for a citizen it is possible to appeal European Court of Human Rights (since 1966
      • The UK government was found to have violated the European Convention on Human Rights 50 times by 1997 (highest out of all in the EU)
      • Labour government has now incorporated the European Convention into British law


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