Rag Desh

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  • Rag Desh
    • Key Features
      • Melody
        • Rag - pattern of notes
        • Rag -associated with late evening and monsoon season
      • Rhythm
        • Tal - rhythmic pattern played on drum
        • Repeated cycle of beats
        • First beat called the sam - often stressed
      • Structure
        • Alap
          • Slow introduction
          • Notes and mood of rag introduced
          • No pulse, no percussion
        • Gat
          • Fixed composition - improvised by solo instrument
          • Percussion enters
          • Clear pulse
        • Jhalla
          • Fast
          • Becomes more decorative
      • Three layers - melodic line - solo instrument/ rhythmic pattern - drums/ drone - stringed instrument
    • Annoushka Shankar
      • 2001
      • Sitar
        • Plucked string instrument
      • Tabla
        • Pair of drums
      • Tal
        • Jhaptal - 10 beat cycle
        • Tintal - 16 beat cycle
      • Structure
        • Alap
          • Sitar only
          • Slow, no pulse
          • Sitar - introduces note and mood of rag
          • Decorated with slides and pitch bends
        • Gat
          • Tabla enters
          • Sitar improvises
          • Ends on tihai - short melody/ rhythm plaed 3 times
          • Tempo increases towards end
        • Jhalla
          • Fast
          • Sitar is strummed
    • Chiranji Lal Tanwar
      • 2004
      • Singer
      • Instruments
        • Sarod - plucked string
        • Saranji - bowed string
        • Pakhawaja - long drum
        • Tabla
        • Small cymbals
      • Rhythm
        • Keherwa tal - 8 beat cycle
      • structure
        • Alap
          • Saranji and voice introduce notes
          • slow, no pulse
        • Bhajan
          • Tabla joins
          • Sung verse - melismas, ornaments
          • Short solos - saranji, sarod
    • Steve Gorn and Benjy Wertheimer
      • 2004
      • Instruments
        • Bansuri - bamboo flute
        • Esraj - bowed string
        • Shruti Box - electronic
        • Swarmandel - plucked string
        • Tabla
      • Rhythm
        • Rupak - 7 beat cycle
        • Ekatal - 12 beat cycle
      • Structure
        • Alap
          • Starts with drone
          • Bansuri - introduces notes and mood of rag
          • Esraj takes over
          • Slow, no pulse
        • Gat 1
          • Slow
          • Bansuri solo
          • Tabla enters, then improvises
          • Ends on tihai
        • Gat 2
          • Fast
          • Tabla solo
          • Improvisation more elaborate
          • End with 3 tihais
          • Bansuri plays tans - fast scales

Comments

Samuel Richardson

This mindmap contains an excellent amount of detail on the three versions of the Rag Desh you need to be familiar with. 

Brani_Sekar

This is so useful! Thanks :D

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