Psychodynamic approach to abnormality

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  • Psychodynamic Approach To Abnormality -  Freud
    • the human psyche
      • conscious awareness
        • ego
          • the mediator
          • defence mechanisms to resolve conflict between ID and superego
            • projection
              • putting feelings onto someone else
            • denial
              • ignoring reality and believing something different
            • regression
              • reverting to an earlier stage in development
            • repression
              • pushing bad feelings down to the unconscious levelso you don't have to deal with them
            • intellectualisation
              • arguing with facts, taking the logical approach
            • displacement
              • putting feelings onto an object
          • operates on reality principle
            • superego
              • pre-conscious awareness
                • ego
                  • the mediator
                  • defence mechanisms to resolve conflict between ID and superego
                    • projection
                      • putting feelings onto someone else
                    • denial
                      • ignoring reality and believing something different
                    • regression
                      • reverting to an earlier stage in development
                    • repression
                      • pushing bad feelings down to the unconscious levelso you don't have to deal with them
                    • intellectualisation
                      • arguing with facts, taking the logical approach
                    • displacement
                      • putting feelings onto an object
                  • operates on reality principle
                    • superego
                      • pre-conscious awareness
                        • moral conscience
                        • develops after 5 years
                      • accomidation to environment
                    • develops after one year
                • moral conscience
                • develops after 5 years
              • accomidation to environment
            • develops after one year
        • unconscious
          • ID
            • innate
            • operates on the pleasure principle
              • influenced by sexual energy
            • perminately conflicting, wanting opposite things
              • if the conflict is not resolved it will manifest itself as disturbed behaviour resulting in mental illness
                • case study: Anna O
      • psychosexual stages of development
        • 1. oral stage
          • preoccupation with putting things in mouth
        • 2. anal stage
          • fecies - expelling/ keeping in
        • 3. phallic stage
          • Oedipus complex
            • boy experiences sexual desire for mother - jealous of father, thinks father will castrate him
              • case study: little Hans
          • Electra complex
            • women have penis envy - want to get pregnant and have a boy
          • exploration, masturbation
        • 4. latency stage
          • exploration lies dormant
        • 5. genital stage
          • adult stage, experimenting with sex
      • Evaluation
        • research is sexist and culturally biased
          • oedipus complex was much more developed than electra complex, majority of application/ focus on male behaviour
            • Freud was male and living in victorian culture - females viewed as unequal and second class citizens - approach may be product of time and only relevant to males - difficulty in applying approach to females and mental illness occurring today
        • based on case study evidence
          • little hans and anna o, info obtained using interviews and observations
            • case studies and observations can produce detailed data however only reflects behaviour of individual who may be displaying unique characteristics
              • different mental illness symptoms presented in different ways so difficult to generalise
                • freud neglects adult experience
                  • distorted        retrospective    recall
                    • diagnosis of illness based on inaccurate info
        • lack of research evidence obtained using scientific method
          • freud's concepts are abstract i.e. id, ego, superego - forces driving behaviour
            • unconscious, pre conscious and conscious - Fisher and Greenburg (1996) reviewed attempts to test freud's theories, some positive support found
              • difficult to operationally measure his ideas - no way of saying whether approach is true or not, cannot disprove it
                • positive and negative results obtained    experimentally can support his ideas as they may be showing support for defence mechanisms
        • ethics
          • not the adults fault as it results from childhood experience
            • is it your fault if your child goes on to have mental illness?

    Comments

    MrsMacLean

    Wow...this is a very useful mind map!

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