Compare and Contrast map of Prokaryotic Cells and Eukaryotic Cells

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  • Prokaryotic Cell
    • A single cell of Bacteria
    • Most are between 0.2 - 2.0 Micrometres in size
    • Cell membranes surrounded by cell wall
    • Have  Cytoplasm and Ribosomes
      • Eukaryotic Cell
        • Cells of Animals, Plants and Fungi
        • Most are between 5 -100 Micrometers in size
        • Cell membrane only surrounded by cell wall in plants and fungi
        • Has mitochondria and chloroplasts
        • DNA is found in nucleus, plasmids are found in a few simple eukaryoticorganisms
        • Reproduces by Mitosis
        • Have larger Ribosomes that prokaryotes
    • No mitochondria or chloroplasts
    • DNA is found free in cytoplasm in a single molecule, additional DNA is found in Plasmids
    • Reproduces by Binary Fission
    • Both contain DNA
      • Eukaryotic Cell
        • Cells of Animals, Plants and Fungi
        • Most are between 5 -100 Micrometers in size
        • Cell membrane only surrounded by cell wall in plants and fungi
        • Has mitochondria and chloroplasts
        • DNA is found in nucleus, plasmids are found in a few simple eukaryoticorganisms
        • Reproduces by Mitosis
        • Have larger Ribosomes that prokaryotes
    • Both contain a plasma membrane
      • Both contain amino acids for making proteins
        • Some prokaryotic cells have flagella

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