Education Process within Schools

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  • Created by: HBN_18
  • Created on: 04-05-18 09:12
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  • Process within Schools
    • Hidden Curriculum
      • School rules, uniforms, teamworking, school assemblies
      • Help with life after school
    • Teacher Stereotyping
      • Labelling can influence pupil identities
        • Waterhouse
          • Labelling can lead to a formation of pro or anti-school subculutres
        • And achievement levels
          • Rosenthal and jacobson
            • Self-fulfilling prophecy
              • Students can change their behaviour to conform to teachers expectation
                • NEGATIVE
                  • Working class and black boys
                • POSITIVE
                  • Middle-class and girls (especially Indian Asian girls
      • Stereotypes by teachers can cause a Halo effect
        • When the teachers impression influences an opinion in another area
          • E.g Well behaved students may give the impression of hard-working
      • Teachers compare students to the stereotype of the 'ideal pupil'
        • Ideal Pupil
          • Conformist, hard-working, well-behaved e.t.c
      • Influenced by non-academic features
        • Dress
        • Behvaiour
        • Cooperation
        • Likeable
      • Disadvantages pupils from working-class , boys and minority ethnic groups
      • Influence's teachers' expectations of pupils
      • Can affect pupils' educational acheivemnt
        • What exams they are entered for
    • Educational Triage
      • Gillborn and Youdell
        • Those who will succeed with no help
          • Receive more attention
        • Those who might succeed with extra help
        • Those who are unlikely to succeed even with extra help
          • Most likely working-class students
      • Schools and teachers are under pressure to get good results for school league tables
    • Diffrentiation
      • Banding, Streaming and setting
        • Organising students to their actual or predicted ability
          • Top stream/set pupils were 'warmed up' to achieve highly
            • Ball
              • Lower-stream/set pupils were 'cooled out' to achieve lower
                • Encouraged to do basic literacy, numeracy e.t.c
                  • Leads to self-fulfilling prophecies and development of anti-school subculture
                    • Keddie
                      • Lower-stream students are not given same access to knowledge as those in higher streams
                • Leads to lower leaves of academic success
                  • Lower-stream students are not given same access to knowledge as those in higher streams
          • Lower-stream/set pupils were 'cooled out' to achieve lower
            • Encouraged to do basic literacy, numeracy e.t.c
              • Leads to self-fulfilling prophecies and development of anti-school subculture
                • Keddie
              • Leads to lower leaves of academic success
        • School Subculutres
          • Pro-school subculture
            • Encourage peer-group support for success in education
            • Mostly found among pupils from the middle-class or skilled working-class
            • Motivated in school and reach high levels of achievement
          • Anti-school
            • Delinquent Values
              • Resisting a school that has denied them status and labelled them as failures
              • Contributes to self-fulfilling prphecy and underachivement
              • Woods
                • Range of responses between pro and anti-school subculutre
                  • May change over time as pupils move through different stages of schooling
                    • According to social class, gender and ethnicity
        • EVALUATION
          • External factors also play a main part in educational achievements
            • Like family, cultural values and material deprivation
          • Labelling doesn't always have negative effects - Pupils can fight and overcome labels
            • Fuller  - found this among black girls

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