Privation

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  • Created by: Danni
  • Created on: 05-12-12 12:24
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  • Privation
    • Curtiss (1977)
      • Genie = found when 13 - severely neglected, malnourished + unable to speak
      • Permanent effects of severe privation
      • Can't determine cause + effect - could have had learning difficulties before isolation
    • Harlow (1958)
      • Not ethical to carry research out on children
      • Raised monkeys in cages - no mother + caregiving
      • When introduced to other monkeys: terrified (cowering, rocking + biting)
        • Aggressive + unable to form relationships
          • If had babies - poor, neglecting mothers
        • Illustrates extreme consequences of privation  (in animals)
      • Suomi + Harlow (1958) - if house 3 month old female monkeys 'therapist monkeys', cling to each other + reduce later problems
        • Effects privation = modified by supportive experiences
      • Results = generalisable to humans?
        • Darwin's theory of evolution - all species = genetically linked in some way
          • Generalisable because of close relatedness between humans + monkeys / behavioural continuity
      • Ethical issues - distress caused to mokeys
    • Negative consequences when no chance to form attachment
    • Koluchova (1991)
      • Recovery of twins who experienced severe privation  due to relationship with each other
      • 18 months - 7 years: locked in cellar + abused
      • Effects severe privation can be overcome with appropriate treatment  + care
      • Longitudinal study over 22 years
        • Allowed researchers to look at changes in boys over time + steps they made to recover from privation
        • Small sample = difficult to generalise results of privation to larger population
      • Results = important in showing resilience of children
      • Case study - unsure of factors enabling recovery to take place
      • Recovery may have been possible because of isolation not being total - had each other

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