Pressure Groups

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  • Pressure Groups
    • Functions
      • Functional Representation
      • Educate the inform the public
      • Scrutiny of the government
      • To hold the government to account for its actions
      • To  provide a passive form of participation
      • Tension release for the public in times of public outrage
      • To inform the government when making important decisions
    • PGs and Parties
      • Ways they are not like a Party
        • They usually only have a narrow range of policies; often only a single issue PG
          • Some single issue parties look like PGs.
        • PGs never have to be held accountable for their actions
          • Furthermore, PGs do not have to act in responsible ways. I.e. they can break the law if they wish.
        • They do not seek Governmental power.
          • Whilst some PGs put up candidates for election. They only do it for publicity, not to gain power.
      • Ways a PG may LOOK like a Party
        • Some single issue parties look like PGs.
        • Some PGs do adopt a wide range of policies, like Trade Unions.
        • Some PGs and Parties are very closely linked, so it is hard to distinguish between them.
    • Classification
      • Sectional
        • Sectional groups represent a specific section of society. They only have the interests of their members at heart
      • Promotional
        • Promotional groups usually don't represent a specific section of society. They claim to serve all. But they promote a specific cause. They do not have a specific membership.
    • Staus
      • Outsider
        • Outsider Pgs are groups that do not have a direct link with the government
          • There is only two reasons that a PG is not an insider
            • Or they are ASPIRING INSIDERS. They want to be insiders but have not been asked yet by the government. Eg. the Association of British Drivers
            • They do not wish to be insiders as it restricts their activity. Eg. Green Peach woud not have been able to destroy the GM crops if it were an insider
      • Insider
        • Insider groups have a direct link with the government and operate within the political system
          • Their status as an insider can change at any point, and they can go back to being outsiders
          • They may be consulted regularly by the government of the day when the gov is making big decisions and needs information to know if it is the right move
          • Some insider PGs have been set up by the government specifically and are funded with tax payer's money
            • Eg. The Commission for Equality and Human Rights (CEHR
      • New Social Movements
        • NSMs are rapidly forming temporary groups that focus on a particular issue
        • They are mass movements of people usually connected by social media
        • Untitled
  • They do not seek Governmental power.
    • Whilst some PGs put up candidates for election. They only do it for publicity, not to gain power.

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