Pressure Groups 3
How are pressure groups different to political parties?
- They don't seek governmental power.
- Usually have a narrow range of issues.
- Do not have to be accountable.
- Some pressure groups may act illegally or promote civil disobedience.
Methods of pressure groups
Lobbying - the process of influencing public and governmental policy.
Direct action - Obtaining the most publicity possible. i.e. Stunts - Fathers 4 Justice.
Mobilising public opinion - If support for the cause is widespread then MPs have to listen.
Pressure Groups 4
Democratic Feature of Pressure Groups
- Educates public
- Representation of people to the government
- Provides political participation opportunities
- Protects interests of miniority groups
- Safeguards power of the State
- Diserses power widely
Undemocratic Features of Pressure Groups
- Some groups are more powerful than others because of money or size of group
- Insiders vs Outsiders
- E-democracy can be dangerous
- The leaders of pressure groups don't always have the same views as the rest of the members
- Pressure groups are not held accountable for their actions
Pluralism: A description of a political system where a wide range of beliefs, ideologies and ideas are torlerated and are allowed to flourish. It also implies a society where many different groups are active and are free to operate.
Elitism: A tendency for power to be monopolised by small groups of influential people. Elitism exists mainly within business and finance groups, some trade unions, government, the armed forces...