Poverty summary

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  • Poverty, Wealth and Welfare Summary
    • Competing approaches
      • Social democrate
        • Traditional approach
        • Left Wing approach
        • Beveridge Report
          • 5 Giant Evils
            • Want
            • Idleness
            • Squalor
            • Ignorance
            • Disease
        • High taxation
        • Expensive
        • Universal
        • No stigma
        • High levels of affluence
        • No admin costs
        • Waste of benefits
      • New Right
        • Conservative
        • Welfare to be privae
        • Dependency Culture
          • Murray
          • Benefits should be means tested
          • UK is a 'nanny state'
        • Reduced state pensions
        • Benefits costs less
        • Admin costs
        • Stigma attached
        • Public Outcry
        • Poverty increased
      • Marxists
        • Welfare state controls workers
        • Poverty is built into capitalism
        • Welfare state maintains capitalism
        • Wants a radical change
        • Communist countries still have poverty
        • Rich would move elsewhere
      • Third Way
        • Influenced by Giddens
        • Mixture of providers
        • EMA
        • Mixture of means testing and universalism
        • Tax credit
        • Child benefits
        • Winter Fuel Payments
        • Minimum wage
        • Expensive
        • Combined other party policies
        • Poll tax riot 1990
    • Wealth and Income
      • Unequal distribution
        • Wealth
          • What you own
        • Income
          • Flow of cash
      • Change over time
        • Slgiht decline in % owned by richest
        • Slight growth in inequality
      • Reasons for change
        • Globalization
        • Capitalism
        • Entrepreneurs
        • Government policy
        • Lone - parent families
        • Job insecurity
    • Defining and Measuring poverty
      • Social exclusion
        • Sees poverty in broadest sense
        • Townsend
        • Exclusion from leisure, education, health etc.
      • Absolute Poverty
        • Rowntree
        • Based on minimun living standards
        • Budget Standard Measure
      • Relative Poverty
        • Consensual - based on research
        • Townsend
        • Relative income measure
        • HBAI
        • Based on accepted standard of living
    • Extent and causes of poverty
      • Extent
        • Total poverty in UK
        • How to measure who is in poverty
          • Household or economic status
          • % of total poor
          • Risk of being poor
      • High risk groups
        • Low paid
        • Older people
        • Unemployed
        • Women
        • Children
        • Lone - Parent families
        • Ethnic Minorities
        • Disabled
    • Existence and Persitence of poverty
      • Dependency explanations
        • Murray
        • Individual - personal faults
        • Culture - culture of poverty
        • Underclass- behavior of distinct social class
      • Exclusion explanations
        • Labour market - poorly paid work
        • Marxist - outcome of capitalism
        • Citizen - groups are stigmatized and excluded
    • Welfare Provision
      • Welfare state
        • Liberal
        • Corporatist
        • Social democratic
      • Who should receive benefits?
        • Universal
        • Selective
      • Who should provide benefits?
        • State
        • Mixed economy
      • Who benefits?
        • Redristribution from rich to poor
        • Untitled
  • Social democrate
    • Traditional approach
    • Left Wing approach
    • Beveridge Report
      • 5 Giant Evils
        • Want
        • Idleness
        • Squalor
        • Ignorance
        • Disease
    • High taxation
    • Expensive
    • Universal
    • No stigma
    • High levels of affluence
    • No admin costs
    • Waste of benefits
  • Mixture of means testing and universalism

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