- The Cratchits are Dicken's face of the poor in the novella
- "Brave in ribbons" - Mrs Cratchit's attempt to make her dress look new and respectable
- The Cratchits have a Christmas Goose, instead of a Turkey because it is all that they can afford
- "The rarest of all birds; a feathered phenomenon"
- "Many thousands are in want of common necessaries" - Charity Collectors
- "Many can't go there; and many would rather die" - The Charity Collectors referring to the Union Workhouses
- Old Joe's shop "reeked with crime, filth and misery"
- In the Victorian period there was a common misconception that the workhouse is a functional institution and kept the poor happy and usefully employed
- The Clerk's fire was so small it looked like one coal
- "A wretched child with an infant"
- Scrooge is the most impoverished character, as he lacks love, warmth and the spirit of Christmas
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