• Created by: rose5515
  • Created on: 03-11-19 22:12
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  • Postmordern Theory
    • Crime
      • 1. The rise of the consumer society – the norm of high consumption
      • 2. Globalisation, de-industrialisation and increasing instability and uncertainty
      • 3. Technological changes, especially the increase of ICT.
      • Young
        • 1. The 1950s was a ‘golden age’ of full employment, cultural inclusion and low crime
        • 3. Economic exclusion combined with the pressure to consume and be a celebrity.
        • As a result, crime gets more diverse, more spread out in society (more extreme).
        • 2. Today, de-industrialisation has resulted in low-employment, instability, insecurity, uncertainty, social-fragmentation and high crime rates
      • 4. Society beciome more media-saturated society which celebrates celebrity-culture
    • Family
      • 1. Diversity and fragmentation: Society is increasingly fragmented. Increase of diversity of subcultures than one shared culture such as youth subcultures, sexual preferences.
      • 2. Rapid social change: New technology such as the internet. Result of social changes such as family life has become very diverse and there is no longer one dominant family type (such as the nuclear family).
        • This means that it goes against modernist theorists such as Parsons or Marx.
      • Stacey (1998) “The Divorce-Extended Family”
        • Judith Stacey argues that women have more freedom than before and can meet their needs patriarchal oppression.
          • She discovered than many women rejected the traditional housewife role and some choosing to return to education, becoming career women, divorcing and remarrying.
      • Criticisms of Postmodernism
        • Late-Modernists: Anthony Giddens - suggest that even though people have more freedom, there is a still a structure which shapes people’s decisions
        • Contemporary Feminists: That traditional gender roles is still a disadvantage to women due to the norms.
    • Education
      • 3. Modernist education is oppressive to students that give up 11 years in order to learn knowledge which will improve their life chances – this does not work for everyone.
      • 2. Postmodernists stand against states that not all fit the 'one size' education system.
      • 1. Education policy is one of the things which the New Right and New Labour governments can improve for the future students.
        • (a) providing opportunities for reskilling to change the  global labour market
        • (b) to keep under surveillance students ‘at risk’ of future deviance.


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