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  • Possible questions
    • problems that arise if they don't consider business factors in ICT strategy
      • technology
        • 1) use of technology for technology’s sake could be a costly mistake
        • 2) without first discussing, analysing and agreeing with an organisation howtechnology will be of assistance
      • future
        • Without long-term  planning, the ICT solutions that may be appropriate for the present may not be right for the future.
    • what is a document management system?
      • A DMS is a computer system used to track and store electronic documents.
    • how can you prevent debit + credit card fraud?
      • chip & pin
        • the chip holds info about your pin number. When you use your card the machine checks if the pin entered matches the pin on the chip.
        • Chip technology is virtually impossible to copy, and when it is combined with the use of a PIN, it helps reduce fraud due to lost, stolen or counterfeit cards.
      • biometrics
        • ATM's - fitted with finger print/iris scanners as added security when taking out money.
    • what is the technology cycle?
      • the commercial gain of a product through the research and development phase, and the money it makes during its "vital life".
    • Explain how a linear development methodology is used to developsystems.
      • A linear development methodology is used to break down a project into a series of sequential phases (1),
      • which are carried out in a linear approach with phases being signed off formally (1)
      • prior to the start of the next stage (1).
      • The Requirements Definition is an example of one stage (1)
  • Factors in an ICT strategy
    • Possible questions
      • problems that arise if they don't consider business factors in ICT strategy
        • technology
          • 1) use of technology for technology’s sake could be a costly mistake
          • 2) without first discussing, analysing and agreeing with an organisation howtechnology will be of assistance
        • future
          • Without long-term  planning, the ICT solutions that may be appropriate for the present may not be right for the future.
      • what is a document management system?
        • A DMS is a computer system used to track and store electronic documents.
      • how can you prevent debit + credit card fraud?
        • chip & pin
          • the chip holds info about your pin number. When you use your card the machine checks if the pin entered matches the pin on the chip.
          • Chip technology is virtually impossible to copy, and when it is combined with the use of a PIN, it helps reduce fraud due to lost, stolen or counterfeit cards.
        • biometrics
          • ATM's - fitted with finger print/iris scanners as added security when taking out money.
      • what is the technology cycle?
        • the commercial gain of a product through the research and development phase, and the money it makes during its "vital life".
      • Explain how a linear development methodology is used to developsystems.
        • A linear development methodology is used to break down a project into a series of sequential phases (1),
        • which are carried out in a linear approach with phases being signed off formally (1)
        • prior to the start of the next stage (1).
        • The Requirements Definition is an example of one stage (1)
    • Available finance
      • important that the organisation can afford any proposed ICT strategy
    • Geography of clients
      • this will help determine the type andsize of network required
    • Legacy systems
      • ICT strategy may be constrained by important legacy systems (1). e.g, changing to new hardware or software may  impossible
  • Explain why a linear development methodology might be used for developing a system that has clearly defined and documented business requirements and which needs to be implemented by a set deadline.
    • Because the business requirements are already known the subsequent stages can be planned with certainty (1)
    • and developed by staff with traditional/ generic ICT skills. (1)
    • A linear method will also provide formal reviews and signing-off of each phase before the next one starts (1),
    • which will help to track progress (1).
  • Explain how an iterative development methodology is used to develop systems.
    • System requirements are broken down into a series of small phases (1)
    • possible questions 2
      • Explain why a linear development methodology might be used for developing a system that has clearly defined and documented business requirements and which needs to be implemented by a set deadline.
        • Because the business requirements are already known the subsequent stages can be planned with certainty (1)
        • and developed by staff with traditional/ generic ICT skills. (1)
        • A linear method will also provide formal reviews and signing-off of each phase before the next one starts (1),
        • which will help to track progress (1).
    • with each phase being agreed and/or developed in detail prior to the whole requirement being agreed. (1)
    • The methodology allows “loop back” toprevious phases should business requirements change or become clearer.(1)
  • possible questions 2

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