Population

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  • Created by: sebm
  • Created on: 29-03-15 15:49
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  • Population
    • Ageing Populations
      • Poblems
        • More people needing care
        • Less young people
        • Small working population
        • Healthcare and pensions overstetched
        • Housing and education needs change
      • Countries
        • United Kingdom
        • Italy
      • Causes
        • Women working and having an education
        • People want to spend money on other things e.g entertainment
        • More contraception
        • Less marriages
    • Youthful Populations
      • Causes
        • Poor family planning
        • Few women work
        • Disease e.g AIDS
        • Poor healthcare
        • Lots of children due to high infant mortality & children for work
        • War & natural disaster
      • Problems
        • Pressure on schooling
        • A large dependant sector of populaion not working
        • Pressure on local resources
        • Pressure on health services e.g hospitals
      • Countries
        • India-literacy rate 60% and Cambodia is 69%
        • Kenya
    • Population Policies
      • China One-Child Policy
        • Was implemented in 1979
        • One child per couple
        • Policy rigidly enforced
        • Have to be married
        • Women over 17, men over 18
        • Has increased abortions, abandonments and an illegal baby trade
      • Family Planning
        • Fewer children encourged
        • Free contraception offered
        • Sexual education
        • Kerala, India
      • Educating women can reduce child birth
      • Better healthcare means more chance of infant survival so less births
      • More employment takes people's focus off having children
    • Population Pyramids
      • LEDC
        • High birth rate
        • Low life expectancy
        • High infant mortality
        • High death rate
        • Stages 1 & 2 of the DTM
      • MEDC
        • Low birth rate
        • Low death rate
        • Large economically active population
        • High life expectancy
        • Stages 3 & 4 of DTM
    • Demographic Transition Model
      • DTM is a model that shows how population changes over time
    • Key Words
      • Birth Rate
      • Death Rate
      • Infant Mortality Rate
    • Migration
      • Push and Pull Factors
        • Poland to the UK

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