social divisions and the emergence of political and religious radicalism

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  • Political and religious radicalism
    • Levellers
      • Beliefs
        • The abolition of the House of Lords, making the Commons the central body in the political system.
        • Universal male suffrage
        • A new written constitution
        • Equality before the law and religious freedom
      • John Lilburne
      • The Agreement of the People
      • Impact
        • There views were never popular with the gentry. But were popular with the rank and file in the new model army.
        • Parliament imprisoned Lilburne in 1645.
    • Fifth Monarchists
      • not politically active and influential until 1649, but the millenarian ideas associated with the fifth monarchists were becoming increasingly popular.
      • they believed that the fifth great empire (after the greek, roman, Persian and Assyrian empires) would come to earth imminently with the return of Jesus.
      • Believed that people should prepare for the second coming.
    • Ranters
      • a small group of preachers in London.
      • believed those predestined were incapable of sin and could therefore ignore man made codes of social conduct.
      • argument over whether they actually existed.
    • Diggers
      • 'True Levellers'
      • They claimed that the ownership of land was based on man-made laws and there was no evidence in the bible to suggest they should be followed.
      • They set up rural communities for the poor on common land.


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