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The 1960's Black power
1. The nation of Islam and Malcolm X
The black power movement of the 1960's did not develop out of nothing. The
black separatist tradition emerged in the nineteenth century, when some
blacks advocated `back to Africa.'
Marcus Garvey's separatist Black Nationalist movement flourished in the…

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Both the NOI and the black power movement favoured separatism, however
Elijah's dismissive attitude towards non-Muslim African culture alienated
some members.
Most black power advocates respected Elijah Muhammad and the NO1 as
forerunners of the new Black Nationalism. (separatism)

ii) Positive
In the Ghetto's membership was possibly as high as…

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and promote political, social and economic independence
for blacks. (moved towards socialism looking at economic
2. The Rise of Black Power in the 1960's
The Ghettos
i) What was the problem in the Ghettos?
Although the Civil Rights movement of 1954-65 effected
change in the South, it did nothing…

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White voters did not want to pay extra taxes to end
ghetto poverty, particularly after the Vietnam War had
caused taxes to increase. (too expensive responsibility
for the State)
Blacks regarded whites as unsympathetic and so black
radicals emerged demanding more social and economic
iv) The Ghetto riots

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They turned to a more militant leader John Lewis who
replaced Stokely Carmichael.
Similarly when James Farmer resigned his leadership of CORE
in1965 the radical Floyd McKissick was elected in his place.
Divisions between SNCC and CORE and the SCLC and the
NAACP was seen in the Meredith march earlier…

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Republican presidential candidate Richard Nixon said black power meant more
black ownership, leading to black pride, black jobs, black opportunity and black

b) The Black Panthers- like a black panther it never attacks unless provoked then it will
i) Establishment
In 1966 the SNCC had helped establish an…

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d) The End of the Black Panthers
The Black Panthers engaged in petty crime, and often killed and
confronted violently the white police.
Blacks such as Elridge Cleaver, a serial rapist excused his
breaking of the lay by claiming he was rebelling against a white
man's law.
The Black Panthers…

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It made Martin Luther King's demands seem more responsible.

b) Negative achievements
Older generations of civil rights movements lost support (not radical enough)
They pushed away white support (electoral suicide)
Lead to the collapse on the SNCC
Violence alienated potential supporters.
No proper solutions (to ghettos)
`Evil twin' of civil…


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