poetry carol ann duffy

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  • POETRY : CAROL ANN DUFFY
    • CAPTAIN OF THE 1964 TOP OF THE FORM TEAM
      • it is a dramatic monologue
      • Character/ Persona- a man who has never gotten over the disappointment of growing up
      • set in the 60s - references the Beatles, top ten and other music icons
      • past tense used, collection of memories
    • NOSTALGIA
      • Character - soldier feeling nostalgic about home/ feeling homesick
      • continuing contrast between war and home to evoke sympathy.
      • form - 3 stanzas, 3rd stanze has an extra line which suggests progression of nostalgia
      • past tense used
    • BEFORE YOU WERE MINE
      • character - daughter reflecting on the life of her mother and how her mother was before she got pregnant witht the narrator
      • maybe looking at her life after her death
      • form - 4 stanzas, all in free verse which could reflect how the narrators mother was
    • BEACHCOMBER
      • character- narrator is talking about a young child who is playing in the beach, also about her life, how she grows up and what advise you would give the little girl etc.
      • free verse
      • narrator is seemingly in dialogue with an older person throughout, a person who has physically or mentally become stagnant
    • FIRST LOVE
      • character- 3rd person narrative, more about the presentation to feelings and thoughts surrounding love
      • form- 3 equal stanzas, each 5 lines long
      • duffy uses sensory language techniques to describe the heightened state of love
    • VALENTINE
      • character- a person who is in love, ready o give a valentines gift to their partner
      • the poem is trying to show that love/relationships are not all fun and they can also be painful and damaging
      • free verse- some stanzas are one line long, reflects the layers of an onion
    • THE BIOGRAPHER
      • character - 1st person narrative of the biographer
      • describes the person behind the biographer that knew nothing about peoples lives, they were not family and friends
    • LITANY
      • character- 3rd person narrative of duffy
      • the poem deals with the falsities of middle class suburban life in the 1960s
      • form - 4 stanzas in free verse
    • STAFFORD AFTERNOON
      • character - reflection of childhood games he/she used to play etc
      • duffy emphasises the movement form innocence to experience
      • free verse
    • THE CLICHE KID
      • character - 1st person narrative,persona is constantly anxious about their haunting past which causes them to be mentally confused.
      • presentation of the past in a negative tone
      • form- 6 stanzas, shortened length give the impression the memories are short but significant
    • SMALL FEMALE SKULL
      • character - 1st person narrative, girl massively hungover
      • Duffy describes the feelings of drunkenness through imaginary imagery, the poem is aimed to be relateable to how women feel hungover/drunk
    • NEVER GO BACK
      • character - 2nd person narrative, gives the feeling that she's either talking to herself or talking to the people she knew in the past
      • cannot return to the past as people and places change, it evokes images of death, disease and decay
      • form - divided into 3 sections which represents different place in the past
    • CLOSE
      • character- 1st person narrative, hears two voices of children but there isn't one clear voice
      • the subject of the poem is knowing one clear voice in order to understand yourself you must be able to listen to your head and heart
      • form - 5 stanzas with 5 lines
    • MEAN TIME
      • charater - 1st persona is in mourning
      • based on mourning you lose your love and how regrets seem meaningless when one day you get u and life has passed you by.
      • form - 4 short stanzas, reflect how life is short therefore you must seize every opportunity.

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