Personality

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  • Created by: Kimberly
  • Created on: 17-10-14 12:17
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  • Personality
    • The three views on personality are known as:
      • Social learning perspective. (BANDURA)
        • Proposes all behavior is learned, by way of environmental experiences, and through the influence of people.
        • Bandura believed that learning was stimulated by environmental experiences.
        • A drawback is that it does not take into account genetically inherited factors.
      • Interactionist approach (HOLLANDER)
        • This proposes that personality has three levels that interact to form personality.
          • 1. the psychological core - This is a persons true self.
          • 2. Typical responses - changeable, become modified as they respond to the environment.
          • 3. Role related behavior - most external. A direct consequence of the immediate environment
        • Combines trait and social learning perspectives.
        • The drawback is that it is really complex as personality combinations are unlimited.
      • Trait perspective (EYESNECK, CATTELL, GIRDANO)
        • It suggests that personality is made up of a range of secondary traits from parents genes.
        • Behavior is innate and enduring. It also suggests that it is genetically programmed
        • Girdano proposed the narrow band theory. This suggests there are only 2 distinct personalities (type A+B)
        • Eyesneck identified 4 personality traits that are arranged in a model. These being Neurotic, stable, extrovert and introvert.
        • Cattell proposed that you needed to consider a larger number of traits. He examined 16 personality factors in a Questionnaire called Cattell's 16 PF test.
        • A drawback is that behaviour is not always predictable and it does not account for the fact the personality is affected by the environment
    • "Personality is the sum total of an individuals characteristics which make a human unique" - Hollander
    • "Personality represents those characteristics of the person that account for consistent patterns of behaviour" -Pervin
  • Trait perspective (EYESNECK, CATTELL, GIRDANO)
    • It suggests that personality is made up of a range of secondary traits from parents genes.
    • Behavior is innate and enduring. It also suggests that it is genetically programmed
    • Girdano proposed the narrow band theory. This suggests there are only 2 distinct personalities (type A+B)
    • Eyesneck identified 4 personality traits that are arranged in a model. These being Neurotic, stable, extrovert and introvert.
    • Cattell proposed that you needed to consider a larger number of traits. He examined 16 personality factors in a Questionnaire called Cattell's 16 PF test.
    • A drawback is that behaviour is not always predictable and it does not account for the fact the personality is affected by the environment
  • 3. Role related behavior - most external. A direct consequence of the immediate environment
  • Combines trait and social learning perspectives.

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