Pastoral ideas

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  • Pastoral themes
    • Religion
      • Edenic
        • References to paradise  or perfectness that is reflected in the story of eden
        • May be used to reflect destruction and temptation such as in the fall of eden
      • References to God,the church, and belief  in general
      • In Blake's Poetry he is very critical of the church and the influence it has on individuals
    • Nostalgia
      • Looking back on  something with love  and  joy  perhaps with  a sense of  loss or  longing to regain something  better
      • Is sometimes more than a loss of just the physical changes of the countryside but also a loss of mental and emotional state - the growing complexity of society and the city provides a longing for a simpler easier time
    • Countryside
      • Clash between the rural and the urban- the rural is pure, happy and peaceful the urban is  corrupt and source of problems
        • The countryside often presents a freedom of innocence that is available due to lack of moderns technology and problems
      • RURAL VS URBAN
      • Can be used as an escape from a rapidly changing society
      • Bucolic
    • Innocence
      • Often uses chlildren to reflect the  innocence of childhood and to contrast the pressure  of experience
        • Blake's Poetry often presents the misuse of children and the way society is neglecting them - he contrasts the stages of innocence and experience present a change and contrast of the two human states
      • The countryside often presents a freedom of innocence that is available due to lack of moderns technology and problems
      • The pastoral is a reflection of a simple and isolated life
        • Countryside
          • Clash between the rural and the urban- the rural is pure, happy and peaceful the urban is  corrupt and source of problems
            • RURAL VS URBAN
            • Can be used as an escape from a rapidly changing society
            • Bucolic
      • Paradise
        • Edenic
          • References to paradise  or perfectness that is reflected in the story of eden
          • May be used to reflect destruction and temptation such as in the fall of eden
        • ARCADIA
          • A mountainous range in Greece - In literature represents a pastoral paradise
        • IDYLL
        • THE GOLDEN AGE
      • Cycles
        • The idea of life and death - ageing and growing
        • A way of representing the passing of time -the landscape suggests that time has moved on by showing the changes in the seasons and the accompanying weather/ physical appearance of flowers/animals etc.
        • The idea of cycles also shows the repetition of country life - does anything really change? The characters may show change but the landscape still develops in the same cycle as always no matter what occurs in their lives - perhaps minimises the characters plight
          • For example in Tess despite everything that happens to her life goes on, the seasons change the crops still grow everything moves on- offers a contrast between the people and the nature they live in
      • Journeys
        • Often the characters within pastoral literature undertake some sort of journey - This may be a symbolic or physical journey
          • Emotional, mental, physical
        • Retreat and Return
      • Love and Romance
        • May not neccesarily be love or romance to a person but may be to an object/ state/ or situation
        • PASSION
      • Anti- Pastoral
        • Opposite of pastoral ideals
        • UnIdealised/ Harsh/ unattractive
        • Emphasises Realism
        • Problematic- reflects inequality/ tensions/ disorder
        • Challenges the false constructions of pastoral literature
      • DEFINTION= "portraying country life in a typically romanticised or idealised form.

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