Ostpolitik

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  • Ostpolitik
    • What is it?
      • Brandt negotiated a complex set of treaties which marked a major turning point in the cold war
      • Involved recognition of the GDR regime.
    • Treaties
      • Moscow treaty (August 1970)
        • Was signed by the USSR and FRG
        • Declared they both had no territorial claims against each other
        • FRG committed to negotiating treaties with Poland, GDR and Czechoslovakia
        • East and West Germany can both join the UN
      • The Warsaw and Prague treaties
        • Between Poland, USSR and FRG
        • Poland and the USSR recognized they had no territorial demands over each other
        • Trade and financial assistance from the FRG was to be increased.
      • Four power negotiations over Berlin
        • The Western allies wanted a settlement underwritten by the USSR to confirm West Berlin's link with the FRG and guarantee its freedom of access to the West.
        • Soviets conceded to three main principles
          • Unimpeded traffic between West Berlin and FRG
          • Recognition of West Berlin ties with the FRG
          • The right for West Berliners to visit East Berlin
      • The basic treaty
        • Brezhnev stressed to Honeker (leader of FRG) the solid advantages of the treaty for the GDR.
        • West are able to visit East and postal communications are allowed
        • FRG recognised the GDR as an equal and soverign state
        • Both sides accepted the GDR should be represented in the UN
    • Chancellor of the FRG
      • Willy Brandt

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