• Created by: Kristina_
  • Created on: 23-04-20 15:38
View mindmap
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    • Definitions
      • Compulsions
        • Repetitive behaviours or thoughts that the person feels compelled to perform to prevent distress
        • Often involve repetitive behaviours or rigid rules
        • Excessive and often unlikely to prevent dreaded situation
      • Obsessions
        • Recurrent, intrusive, persistent unwanted thoughts or urges
    • Biological Theories
      • Brain Mechanisms
        • Higher activity in the orbitofrontal cortex, the causate nucleus and the anterior cingulate
      • Common genetic factors for OCD, BDD and HD
    • Cognitive factors
      • OCD and HD impairment in response inhibition and other factors
      • HD is associated with impairment in organisation, categorisation and decision-making
    • Treatment
      • Psychological
        • Cognitive and cognitive behavioural therapies most common
        • Exposure and response prevention
          • Produces improvement in up to 75%
          • Drop out rates are high
        • CBT used in HD to challenge irrational beliefs
      • Biological
        • Anti-depressants are most common
        • SSRIs
          • Most people continue to experience mild symptoms
        • Deep brain stimulation
          • Suggested in severe cases of OCD not responding to treatment


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Psychopathology resources »