Marxist Theories - Neo-Marxism

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  • Neo-Marxism: Critical Criminology
    • Taylor, Watson and Young agree with traditional marxists that..
      • Capitalism is based on exploitation and inequality thr key to understand crime.
      • State makes and enforces laws in the interest of capitalism and criminalises the WC.
      • Taylor et al criticises marxism for being too deterministic - sees workers  driven to commit crime due to economic necessity.
    • Voluntarism
      • Opposite of determinism -  Taylor et al. takes a more voluntaristic view (free will)
      • Crime is a conscious choice often with a political motive.
      • E.G. To redistribute wealth from the rich to the poor (Robin Hoods)
      • Criminals are deliberately struggling to change society - E.G.  - MLK, Nelson Mandella used deviance to try and change society.
    • A fully social theory of deviance
      • A theory that would help change society for the better.
      • Goal is to have classless society and social equality.
      • Traditional marxist ideas about the unequal distribution of wealth  and who has power to make and enforce law.
      • Labelling theory's ideas about the meaning of the deviant act for the actor, societal reactions to it and the effects of the deviant label on the individual.
      • Feminists criticise it for being gender blind focusing on male criminality.
      • Left realists  say they only neglect the impact of crime on the victim and remanticize WC criminals as being 'robin hoods' who are fighting capitalism.
      • Roger Hopkins Burke - crtitical criminology is too general to explain crime and too idealistic to be useful in tackling crime.


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