Native American Way of Life

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  • Created by: K4typ
  • Created on: 13-06-16 11:10
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  • Native Americans Way of life  (Plains)
    • Religious
      • Medicine Man
        • Healer and spiritual leader
      • Animism
        • the attribution of a living soul to plants, inanimate objects, and natural phenomena.
      • Dances
        • Done before war, hunting and to call help down from the spirits
        • Examples(Flying pole dance , Sun dance , Buffalo dance)
    • Animals
      • Horses (introduced 1519 mainland)
        • Used as currency, dowries
        • Made many tribes nomadic allowed them to move onto plains
        • Increased the war like nature of the tribes
        • Allowed the tribes to shift there tepees more effectively.
        • Changed the whole culture of the Native American society
        • Influnced their whole style of war fair
      • Dogs
        • Originally used to transport tipis for the nomadic population
        • Used as a food source
          • Horses (introduced 1519 mainland)
            • Used as currency, dowries
            • Made many tribes nomadic allowed them to move onto plains
            • Increased the war like nature of the tribes
            • Allowed the tribes to shift there tepees more effectively.
            • Changed the whole culture of the Native American society
            • Influnced their whole style of war fair
        • Used to help hunt small game sometimes larger depending on breed
      • Bison
        • Integral part of everyday life
          • Used for.....
            • Hide - Making tipis
            • Bladder -food bags
            • Tongue used as hair brush
            • Intestines - Buckets and cooking vessels
            • Hooves - rattles and tools
            • Sinews - Bowstring
            • Fur - decoration on clothes, stuffing for saddles and pillows. Mittens and rope.
            • Flesh - cooked or dried o turned into pemmican
            • Skull used in religious ceremonies
              • Religious
                • Medicine Man
                  • Healer and spiritual leader
                • Animism
                  • the attribution of a living soul to plants, inanimate objects, and natural phenomena.
                • Dances
                  • Done before war, hunting and to call help down from the spirits
                  • Examples(Flying pole dance , Sun dance , Buffalo dance)
    • Structure of Society
      • Family life
      • For example
        • Sioux Nation(Group of Tribes)
          • Tribes (Nakota, Lakota, Dakota)
            • Bands (Of the Lakota) Oglala, Sicangu, Blackfoot,Itazipacola,Two Kettle
              • Each Band governed by a chief
                • Influenced by a warrior society
                • Untitled
      • Important leaders/    people
        • Sitting Bull
        • Red Cloud
        • Black Kettle
        • List of other Leaders https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Native_American_leaders_of_the_Indian_Wars
    • Warfare
      • Weapons
        • Bow and arrows
        • Guns (traded from Americans often mountain men
        • Lances
      • Tactics
        • Fast attack
          • fast short battles
            • Resulted in failer in few cases as many unused to fighting long battles ~(European warfare )
      • Other
        • Scalping
          • A circular portion of the scalp was cut from the crown of the enemy's head.
            • Some people ended up with a price on their head and therefore bounties were offered for them
        • Mutilation
          • Cutting off of hands and feet.
            • Linked to the idea that the enemy could not fight you  in the next life
    • Clothing
      • War bonnets
        • Trailer war bonnet
        • Halo war bonnet
        • Straight up war bonnet
      • Moccasins Outdoor shoes
      • Masks
        • Used in battle, ceremonies or hunting. Horses also wore masks into battle. Often brightly coloured and again covered with fancy beadwork and feathers depending on tribe.

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