Music Revision - Year 8

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  • Music Revision - Year 8
    • Elements of music
      • Melody
        • Scalic - moves up or down by step
        • Arpegiated - moves up or down by leap
        • Fluid - flows
        • Angular - jumps
      • Harmony
        • major - happy
        • minor - sad
        • Diminished - scary
        • Augmented - magical
      • Pitch
        • middle
        • high
        • low
      • Rhythm
        • crotchet - 1
        • minim - 2
        • Quaver - half
        • Semiquaver - quarter
        • Semireve - 4
      • Structure
        • AB - binary
        • ABA - Ternary
        • ABACA - Rondo
        • ABCDE - Narative
        • A1A2A3 - theme and variation
          • Add a note
          • Subtract a note
          • Add left hand
          • Change left hand
          • Change tempo
          • Change note lengths
          • Change key
      • Tonality
        • Major - happy
        • Minor - Sad
        • Modal - Chant/Jazz
        • Blues - cool/jazzy
      • Metre
        • 2/4 - march
        • 3/4 - waltz
        • 4/4 - pop
        • 6/8 - Irish dance
      • Timbre
        • Piercing - sharp
        • Resonant - rich/warm
      • Texture
        • Monophonic - one layer
        • Polyphonic - multiple layers
    • Interpretations
      • Dynamics
        • Mezzo Piano (mp) - quite quiet
        • piano (p) - quiet
        • Mezzo Forte (mf)  - quite loud
        • Pianissimo (pp) - very quiet
        • Forte (f) - loud
        • Fortissimo (ff) - very loud
        • Crecsendo - getting louder
        • Decrecsendo - getting quieter
      • Tempo
        • Moderato - moderate
        • Adante - walking pace
        • Allegro - fast
        • adagio - Slow
        • Vivace - Very fast
        • Largo - very slow
        • Accelerando - getting faster
        • Rallentando - getting slower
    • African drumming
      • Vocabulary
        • Polyrhythm - many different rhythmic cycles being played at the same time
        • Ostinato - musical pattern that is repeated many times
        • Cross rhythm - A combination of rhythms that cut across each other
        • Solo
        • Soli - a group of like instruments that perform a group solo
        • roll - drum roll
        • syncopation - the rhythm is off the beat
      • Instruments
        • Djembe (ksink-ksink)
        • Donno - talking drum
        • Dundun
        • Sangban
        • kenkeni
        • Kidi
        • Banana bell
        • Axatse
        • Balafon
        • Mbira
      • Kora
    • Blues
      • Swung - where the first note is accented or leant on
      • Improvisation - a small composition made up on cue which fits with the style of the music and the key signature
      • Jazz - a style often used in parallel with blues
    • Western classical music
      • Classical - Hayden , Mozart, Beethoven
        • Motif development, periodic phrasing, ballet
          • 1750 - 1830
      • Baroque - Bach, Vivaldi, Handel
        • concerto's, Complex melodies, harpsichord
          • 1600 - 1750
      • Romantic - Wagner, Chopin, Liszt
        • Dramatic, Ballet, folk influences
          • 1830 - 1920
    • Film music
      • Techniques
        • mickey mousing - where the music follows the action perfectly

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