modifying criminality- anger management

  • Created by: Elyseee
  • Created on: 11-03-21 14:31
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  • anger management
    • Anger in prisoners
      • Criminals have tendency towards irrational thinking eg)hostile attribution bias, always leaning towards thinking the worst
      • Negative interpretations of other’s behaviour lead to anger
    • Key aims
      • Cognitive approach - aims to change the ways person handles anger and aggression, situation may not be changeable but peros is able to change the way they think and behave
      • Cognitive restructuring - greater self-awareness, control over cognitive dimensions of anger
      • Behavioural strategies - problem solving skills, strategic withdrawal, assertiveness
    • Stress inoculation model
      • Programme based on Novaco 1975/7 - model drawing on SIT, tends to be conducted in a group of offenders in/outside prison eg) during probation
      • Conceptualising - clients learn about anger generally, how it can be adaptive and nonadaptive, analyse their own anger patterns, identify situations which provoke them
      • Skill acquisition and rehearsal - client aught skills to manage anger g) self regulation, cognitive flexibility, relaxation. Also taught better communication skills to assertively resolve conflicts without anger
      • Application and follow through - clients apply skills in controlled and non threatening setting eg) role plays of previous situations. Receive extensive feedback from therapist and group, clients then try out skills in real world settings
    • Anger management has 2 aims
      • Short term - reduce anger and aggression in prisons, it is a serious issue. Novaco 2013, prisons are ‘efficient anger factories’ due to social climate
      • Long term  - rehabilitation, reduction of recidivism, especially for violent prisoners
      • Recidivism - the tendency of a convicted criminal to reoffend.: "the prison has succeeded in reducing recidivism".


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