Modern Surgery

  • Created by: Saandy_
  • Created on: 08-01-20 13:05
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  • Modern Surgery
    • Infection
      • Penicillin was useful for treating infection in deep wounds
      • Cut away infected flesh and soak wound in saline solution.
    • Pain
      • Begun to inject chloroform
        • Control dosage, lower death rate and so longer operations are possible.
    • Bloodloss
      • 1900 Landsteiner Blood Groups
        • Blood transfusions- donor and receiver blood types match
      • 1914 Hustin
        • Glucose and sodium citrate stopped blood clotting in air. Can be packed in ice and taken where needed.
      • 1938
        • British National Blood Transfusion Service.
    • Skill
      • Keyhole Surgery
        • Recovery time decreases. Less pain and discomfort after surgery.
          • Easier to do internal surgeries
            • Small cameras make it possible
      • Harken    Heart Surgery
        • Cut into hearts and removed bullets/ shrapnel with bare hands
      • Laser Surgery
        • 1987-eye operation. Also removes benign and malignant tumours.
      • 1895 X-rays
        • Look for broken bones and disease
      • Army Leg Splint
        • Elevates and extends broken leg. Helps knit bones together more securely.
      • Transplant Surgery
        • 1954-First human organ transplant successful. (kidney). 1960- UK 1967-Heart-South Africa
      • Plastic Surgery
        • Gilles-Skingrafts
          • Hospital for facial surgery- Kent-1917
      • 1948- NHS set up


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