Models of Relationship Breakdown (Duck, Lee)

Models of Relationship Breakdown (Duck, Lee)

Has AO1 description, AO2 evaluation points and IDA points.

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  • Models of Relationship Breakdown
    • AO1
      • Duck's Model (1988)
        • 1 - Intra Psychic Phase
          • One half recognises a problem, but does not reveal.
          • Begins to notice faults
        • 2 - Dyadic Phase
          • Unhappiness now open between the couple. Attempt to resolve issue. May get outside help
        • 3 - Social Phase
          • Relationship problems are now public. Tell wider friends & family about problems.
        • 4 - Grave-Dressing Phase
          • After couple separate. Each attempt to come across in good light. Demonstrate they're not at fault, and can be trusted in future relationships.
        • 5 - Resurrection Phase
          • Mainly women
            • AO2 - Beta Bias
          • Evaluate relationships and avoid same mistakes in future.
      • Lee's model (1984)
        • Dissatisfaction - partner discovers problem in relationship
        • Exposure - Problems are identified and brought out into the open
        • Negotiation - Some discussions about the issues are raised during the exposure period
        • Resolution Attempts - Partners attempt to find solutions to their problems
        • Termination - If resolution is unsuccessful, the relationship breaks down
        • ACRONYM - DNERT: Denying Everything Never Resolves Troubles
    • AO2
      • Descriptive, but not explanatory. The models don't explain why the breakdown occurs, but simply describes the process
      • Does not consider individual differences, and assumes everybody follows same steps.
      • Has practical applications, as it can help to repair relationships
        • Example - couples therapy during the negotiation stages
    • IDA
      • Holistic - considers couples thoughts and feelings as well as an ingrained process.
        • Also reductionist - complex nature of breakdown reduced to five simple stages
      • Imposed Etic - only applies to western / individualistic cultures
        • Cannot be applied to collecttivist cultures
      • Potential ethical issues - protection from harm. People don't want to discuss past relationships.


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