Methods of assessing intelligence

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  • Methods of assessing intelligence:
    • IQ Tests
      • comprising of a number of questions that may relate to knowledge, language skills, problem solving and logic.
      • can be used to assess achievement, diagnose problems or to identify aptitude or potential.
      • One of the first IQ tests was the Stanford-Binet test
        • was used to identify those who were below average intelligence but was soon used to assess all children.
      • Tests have to be standardised on a group of people and then only used on people in that group.
      • Wechsler Intelligence Scale is commonly used today, there is one for children and one for adults.
        • Developed in 1949.
        • There are also tests for children aged 3 to 7.
      • Sternberg construced the Sternberg Triarchic Abilities Test (STAT)
        • consisting of multiple choice questions which assess analytic, practical and creative intelligence.
      • Tests have to avoid the floor and ceiling effect.
      • They should also avoid culture bias.
    • Human figure drawing tests can be used on younger children as well as adults, the child is asked to draw a number of people.
      • Analysis of features of the drawings such as absence of detail and the proportion of features can give an estimation of intelligence.
      • Plubrukan (2003) reviewed the use of the Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test and a standard IQ test administered on the same day and found the overall correlation was 0.8.
    • Emotional intelligence is assessed by means of social problems and the answers of the person being compared with those that the majority of a group of people from that society gave.
      • There are no right or wrong answers but the answers given are based on society and society's expectations.

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