MEMORY

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  • MEMORY
    • Multistore explanation
      • Sensory
        • STS
          • LTS
            • Unlimited, infinite
          • 7+/- 2 chunks about 30 seconds
        • Very limited. Less than 1s
      • Primacy/recency effect
        • Primacy- information learnt first is recalled because it is in the long term store
          • LTS
            • Unlimited, infinite
        • Recency- information learnt last is recalled because it is in the short term store
          • STS
            • 7+/- 2 chunks about 30 seconds
        • Murdock
    • ENCODING
      • STORAGE
        • RETRIEVAL
          • Recalling it
        • Holding it in the brain
      • Changing info so that it can be stored
    • Reconstructive explanantion
      • Bartlett- War of the Ghosts
        • Pps recalled the native american story as a 'cowboys and indians' story
          • The pps were more familiar with the 'cowboys and indians' type story
            • Recollection based on existing schema
      • Altering our memories so they make more sense to us
        • Memories are broken down to be stored then put together again when recalled
    • Levels of processing explanation (BOP TO THE LOP)
      • Input
        • Structural processing
          • Acoustic processing
            • Semantic processing
              • 'How DEEP is you LOVE' Love-> romantic-> semantic
              • 70% recall
            • 35% recall
          • 15% recall
      • Participants were asked yes/no questions which required different levels of processing
        • They were then asked to identify which words they had previously answered questions about from a longer list of words
          • Semantic - 70%
            • Acoustic - 35%
              • Structural - 15%
    • Forgetting
      • Amnesia
        • Retrograde
          • We are unable to remember  old info
            • Causes : Brain damage, psychological distress
              • We are unable to learn new info
        • Anterograde
          • We are unable to learn new info
      • Interference
        • Proactive
          • We can't remember info we have recently learnt due to previously learnt info
        • Retroactive
          • We can't remember old info due to recently learnt info
      • Dependency
        • Cue dependency
          • Prompt which brings back lots and lots of memories
        • State dependency
          • Physical or mental state required to remember the information
        • Context dependency
          • Can only be remembered in a specific scenario because it was learnt in that scenario
    • Eyewitness recall
      • Leading questions (Loftus and Palmer)
      • Stereotypes (waitress or librarian study)
      • Reinstation of context (police video, cognitive vs normal)
      • Unfamiliar faces (uni students IDing people)

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