Medicine - Ancient Times

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: R.Perkins
  • Created on: 09-10-13 09:42
View mindmap
  • Medicine - Ancient Times
    • Ancient Greece
      • Likewise with the Egyptians, they were very religious
        • Temples = Hospitals
          • People payed to visit an Asclepion which boasted health spas and herbal cures.
          • Advised a healthy diet and exercise
        • If you were ill you would have upset Ascelpius, the Greek God of healing
      • Wine was used as a basic antisecptic
      • The Theory of the Four Humours
        • Devised by Hippocrates
          • Gave his name to the Hippocratic Oath, something all doctors stilll abide by today
        • States that the body consists of 4 sections, each linked to a natursl element
          • Blood - Air
          • Ye;llow Bile= Fire
          • Phelgm = Water
          • Black Bile - Earth
        • If you were sick, it was believed that one of the humours was out of balance
          • In order to treat the ailment, the Greeks would use something of the opposite characteristic.
            • Eg. Blood is hot so something cold would be used.
        • As this was a newlu emerging theory, the Greeks were rather sceptical
      • No amputations
      • No offical medical training
      • Surgery and dissecen
    • Ancient Rome
      • Wanted more practical medicine as theyneeded gladiators to be fit and well to fight
      • Causes of illness
        • Roman and Greek gods of healing
      • Public Health
        • Baths and tolets
          • Cost = 1 quadron allowing all classes to experience treatment
          • 7 rivers were made to flush the city's sewers out
          • 20 people could be seated at one toilet
          • 144 public toilets built in Rome
          • Had saunas, cold rooms, spas, libraries, gyms and under floor heating
        • Aqeducts
          • Series of underground and overground channels
          • Pressurized pipework as well as tunnels and cfhaneels
      • Treatment
        • Herbal remedies
        • Visits to Asclepions
        • Bleeding
        • Cataracts were removed with needles
        • Amputations began to occur
      • The work of Galen
        • Born September 129AD
        • Aged 16 - Studied at an Asclepion
        • Be;lieved in the Four Humours
        • Was a doctor not a surgeon but dissected
          • Doctors were only there to provide advice and were not allowed to disect bodies or perform surgery.
            • Performed dissections on pigs and monkeys
            • Peformed 2 human dissections
            • Performed public experiements and did conduct brain and eye surgery.
        • Thought the jaw was in 2 parts
        • Two types of blood - Venous and Arterial
        • Galen's father died when he was young, leaving him with a large cash inheritance
    • Ancient Egypt
      • Very advanced to past eras
      • Religion was key
        • If you were ill, you'd upset the deities
      • Organs were removed from the bodies of the dead
        • Observations were made in hieroglyphics, allowing the spread of knowledge
      • Had very fertile soils,resulting in a large bounty of crops
        • Traded with the Chinese and shared knowledge
      • They believed that if you were unwell it was because one of the chambers in the beart was blocked

Comments

M. Clarke

Oh my.... And you are doing a GCSE? Good luck Rachel :D

R.Perkins


No kidding! It's not like I'm sitting next to you in a music room, typing this!!

M. Clarke


Touche... (minus the accent because I couldnt be bothered (same with the apostrophe))

R.Perkins


éééééééééééééééééééé

'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

You need these!

M. Clarke

▓1{©"µı_1998☺90○099Q○0♠0Q109F9Z90◄1Dµ98z1ì0é98→0─98r0b0

R.Perkins


What's the point!

M. Clarke

Squeak

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine resources »