Marxist Perspective 

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  • Marxist Perspective
    • Marxism
      • Conflict Perspective - more emphasis on conflict and inequality than shared norms and values
      • structural theory
      • See institutions as contributing to maintenance of of capitalism & exploitation - see family as an oppressive institiution
      • Criticisms
        • Feminists - emphasis on class & capitalism underestimategender inequalities in family believe family serves interest of men not capitalism
        • Functionalists - Marxists ignore benefits family has for its members - e.g. Murdocks 4 functions
        • Assume nuclear family is dominant - ignores variety of family structures found in modern society
    • Fredrich Engles
      • Engles - privarte property become more important as men in monogamous marriage - gives legit heir
      • Criticisms
        • monogamous nuclear family existed throughout history - didnt just apppear as result of capitalism
      • early stages was no private property &  family didnt exist - humans live in promiscuous hordes
        • nuclear family based on monogamy - only developed with emergance of private property as men ddnt want to lose wealth
          • Engles saw bourgeoisie nuclear family an opressive institute - women gloriffied prostitutes as dependant on men
    • Unit of consumption
      • families generate profits for capitalism through buying
      • advertising means families feel a need to buy certain things - e.g. latest products also to avoid their kids being bullied
    • inheritance of wealth /property
      • nuclear family needed to provide legit heir to their wealth
        • Engles - privarte property become more important as men in monogamous marriage - gives legit heir
    • Ideological functions
      • family life is distraction from exploitation at work
      • family is  part of a superstr-ucture that transmits RC ideoloogies
        • justifies inequality &maintains state of false class conscience
          • children accept hierarchy /       inequality through family - parents power and control over children so they accept unequal power relationships in work place
          • prevents revolutionary activity and maintains capitalism


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