Major Thoretical Perspectives on Organizational Behaviour: Part 1

Different perspectives of OB. Represents pages 22 - 26 in Work and Organizational Behaviour by John Bratton.

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  • Major Theoretical perspectives on organizational behaviour
    • These different paradigms (beliefs and values that dictate the way researchers study OD, decide what to study and interpret in their results) can be a reference to help us compare and understand competing values and practices in OB.
    • Managerial Perspective.
      • structural functionalist perspective in sociology
      • Managerialists view society and organisations within them as complex systems which work together to promote stability
      • Interested in order, integration, commitment issues
      • Takes place in rationally designed organisations.
      • Concern of managers is to mobilise employees organisational ends
      • Managerial Perspective fails to connect organisational behaviour to internal power relations, and neo-liberalism
      • They want the winning formula so all managers can be successful
      • Most managerialists make assumptions and statements about OB.
      • Organizational Behaviour can only be understood if the business is seen as more than just social entries for generating profit
    • Critical Perspective
      • Capitalism and work organizations are seen to promote inequality and exploitation, causing conflict and change
      • Karl Marx, a famous critical thinker said that the interests of capital (managers) and labour (employees) are incompatible
      • The demand for maximum work from labour is often been seen by critics as the case of social behaviour
      • This perspective aims to discover the ways in which power, control, conflict and legitimacy affect relations between managers and between managers and non employees.
      • OB and Theory can only be understood in an organizational setting
      • A dialectical approach means more analysis of political and economic forces
      • This includes research of management, not for management.


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