- Major Theoretical perspectives on organizational behaviour
- These different paradigms (beliefs and values that dictate the way researchers study OD, decide what to study and interpret in their results) can be a reference to help us compare and understand competing values and practices in OB.
- Managerial Perspective.
- structural functionalist perspective in sociology
- Managerialists view society and organisations within them as complex systems which work together to promote stability
- Interested in order, integration, commitment issues
- Takes place in rationally designed organisations.
- Concern of managers is to mobilise employees organisational ends
- Managerial Perspective fails to connect organisational behaviour to internal power relations, and neo-liberalism
- They want the winning formula so all managers can be successful
- Most managerialists make assumptions and statements about OB.
- Organizational Behaviour can only be understood if the business is seen as more than just social entries for generating profit
- Critical Perspective
- Capitalism and work organizations are seen to promote inequality and exploitation, causing conflict and change
- Karl Marx, a famous critical thinker said that the interests of capital (managers) and labour (employees) are incompatible
- The demand for maximum work from labour is often been seen by critics as the case of social behaviour
- This perspective aims to discover the ways in which power, control, conflict and legitimacy affect relations between managers and between managers and non employees.
- OB and Theory can only be understood in an organizational setting
- A dialectical approach means more analysis of political and economic forces
- This includes research of management, not for management.
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