LATs& Changes in child bearing, More births outside marriage

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  • (LATs) & Changes in child bearing:
    • Levin (2004)-New family form-LATs, Alternative to marriage/cohabitation
      • Individuals concerned are in- lTC, seen as couple- don't share a common home, live separate
      • Levin: Growth of LATs= Social change,changing norms, open to new style of relationships
      • Duncan& Phillips (2010)- LATs widely understood, accepted by public as approved alternative to marriage
      • Haskey (2005)- 2 million couples in 2002 in LATs
      • LAT has become more common- socially acceptable
      • Growing individualization& choice in relationships
      • Changes in labour market
      • Modern technology- close contact can be maintained
      • Levin- LATs - Enables couples to pursue the intimacy of being in a couple& preserve individual autonomy& identity
        • BUT: Duncan& Philips- LATs subject to same expectation about commitment as marriage
      • Levin- 3 main reasons why people choose LATs:
        • 1. Responsibility& care
        • 2. Pratical reasons: Working/studying - LATs avoid conflict
        • 3.Risk
          • Funk& Kobayashi (2014)- LATs= Means for partners to protect personal independence,personal space
            • LATs enabled each partner to pursue their own interests- Reducing sacrifices, compromises and obligations
            • Suggested that LAT-rooted in mutual satisfaction& exchanges in mutual support
      • Families getting smaller- No. of births dropping, women having fewer children, women remaining childless
        • WHY? Changing role of women-Priority to jobs
        • WHY? Rising costs of children- £154,00
        • WHY? Beck -Gernsheim- Growing individualization
      • Growing proportion of births outside of marriage
        • 47% of births- Outside marriage= 5 times more than the proportion in 1971
        • Less social stigma attached to births outside marriage
        • 9 out of 10 of births in 2011- Registered jointly by the parents
          • Both parents in 3 out of 4 gave same address
            • Parents were cohabitating


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