Little Albert

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  • Little Albert, Watson and Rayner 1920
    • AIM
      • To explore how classical conditioning could be used to creat a phobia in humans using CC principles.
    • METHOD
      • Experiment
      • 11 Month old baby placid and emotionally stable.
      • Banged a metal bar to startle and then linked noise to Albert to playing with pet rat
      • NS= Whit rat
      • UCS= Noise metal bar
      • Albert associated the noise with the rat
      • UCR= Anxiety
      • CS=Rat
      • CR= Anxiety
      • After a few trials Albert agitated on seeing rat, it became clear that it wasnt just rats that made him upset.
        • His anxiety response had generalised to some other objects, white fury ones.
      • Succeeded in conditioning in an infant fear of an animal, the child would not normally be afraid of
      • The CR was still present after 31 days.
      • + Supported Pavlovs findings. Good controlls, the study was carefully documented, strict controlls,Only one variable was changed at a time. Good reliability.
      • - Ethical issues- Albert frightened. Alberts mother did not give full informed consent. The researcher deliberately exposed Albert to psychological harm caused distress. Hard to generalise to others


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