HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM

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  • Created by: arfa
  • Created on: 30-05-18 12:39
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  • "Liberalism is closely associated with the protection of human rights and constitut-ional reform" Discuss
    • INTRODUCTION
      • The protection of civil liberties and constitutionalism has always been closely associated with liberalism as a political philosophy and Lib Dems
      • Other values closely associated with liberalism are tolerance and  pluralism
    • PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
      • PARAGRAPH ON THEORY:
        • Social contract theory proposed by John Locke
          • Individuals give consent to the government to protect their natural or human rights.
          • If a govt doesn't protect peoples natural rights, it can be overthrown
          • Rejects Hobbesian belief of the "divine right of kings". People shouldn't sacrifice their rights to be ruled by an authority that isn't legitimate
        • Protection of civil liberties is important
        • Locke: "every man may enjoy the same rights as others
        • Voltaire: "i detest what you say but I defend your right to say it"
      • PARAGRAPH ON POLICIES
        • Liberal Democrats have claimed "the protection of civil liberties is at the heart of our philosophy
        • Lib Dems were the first party to propose civil partnerships in the UK. Was legalised in 2013 under coalition. Many tories were opposed.
        • Opposed Labour's ID cards and authoritarian anti-terrorsim laws of detention without trial
        • Stopped govt from permanently storing DNA of innocent people without consent.
        • However,   Beveridge fully supported Lloyd George’s position that fighting WW1 required a total commitment of national resources, even if this involved a suspension of civil liberties.
    • PROTECTION OF CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM
      • PARAGRAPH ON THEORY
        • Want constitutional reform to prevent excessive state power
      • PARAGRAPH ON POLICIES
        • Party support for Irish Home Rule
        • Support for extension of franchise to all
        • Have always supported support for House of Lords Reform
          • Want a wholly elected chamber - rejected by Conservativesthey believe in tradition.
        • Scottish IndependeneReferendum had 84% turnout. Devolution important to decentralise power
        • INTERNATIONALISM
          • Although there's no codified constitution, they supported remain as the EU would disperse power.
          • Against Iraq War because the UN didn't agree on it
    • CONCLUSION
      • Untitled

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