Language change theorists

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  • Language Change Theorists
    • Romaine
      • Internal = The formation of new words (neologisms) and the influence of dictionaries (Samuel Johnson)
      • External = The changing social context
    • Bex
      • Generic labels are used to describe groups of texts that share social functions. Generic labels state genre is connected to change in three ways.
        • Change within genre
        • New sub-genre
        • New discourse communities develop, which do not already exist.
    • Goodman
      • Informalisation - The process where words that were reserved for personal relationships are now used in wider contexts.
    • Crystal
      • 'Asynchronous' interaction in chat-rooms and forums.
      • Synchronous interaction to describe face-to-face encounters
    • MacKinnon: Attitudes to language
      • Correct vs Incorrect
      • Pleasant or Ugly
      • Socially acceptable vs socially unacceptable
      • Morally Accpetable vs Morally Unacceptable
      • Appropriate vs inappropriate
      • Ueful vs Useless
    • Harvey and Shalom
      • A problemin English is the amount of words that do not have a single form, e.g. technical. The effects of this are linked to use and context
    • Aitchison
      • People only use language lazily when drunk
    • The Queen's English society
      • An autocratic movement and prescriptiist view
    • Hopper
      • A pattern to telephone calls that change depending on context.


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